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Cited by 1,746 publications
(231 citation statements)
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“…Thus, an individual climatologist giving testimony to the U.S. Congress is not necessarily a legitimate voice of science, unless that individual reports consensus views (Allchin, 2015). To be trustworthy, scientific knowledge must reflect the epistemic checks and balances of diverse perspectives (Harding, 1991; Longino, 1990; Solomon, 2001). Scientific knowledge is socially embodied in a consensus (Oreskes, 2014, 2019), although rarely formal or stated explicitly, as the IPCC does.…”
Section: How Scientists Communicatementioning
confidence: 99%
“…Thus, an individual climatologist giving testimony to the U.S. Congress is not necessarily a legitimate voice of science, unless that individual reports consensus views (Allchin, 2015). To be trustworthy, scientific knowledge must reflect the epistemic checks and balances of diverse perspectives (Harding, 1991; Longino, 1990; Solomon, 2001). Scientific knowledge is socially embodied in a consensus (Oreskes, 2014, 2019), although rarely formal or stated explicitly, as the IPCC does.…”
Section: How Scientists Communicatementioning
confidence: 99%
“…The transformation requires both a temporal element and a social community. The social community is necessary to subject the explanatory hypothesis to critical evaluation and only when it survives repeated critiques, each of which is shown to be defeasible, does it attain the status of consensually agreed knowledge (Longino, 1990), and hence, become a commonly accepted explanation. This is one of the reasons why critique is so fundamental to science and the act of knowledge construction (Ford, 2008).…”
Section: Where Argument and Explanation Overlapmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Its flourishing had strong roots in feminist theory and method, particularly critiques of science and representation (Kwan ; McLafferty ). In the first instance, the challenge Critical GIS posed to unproblematic pronouncements as to the neutrality of GIS drew directly on the feminist insistence that science and technology are never neutral by virtue of being both (gender) value‐ and theory‐laden (Keller ; Harding ; Longino ; Nelson ). Second, critiques of the power relations and inherent epistemological limitations of GIS artefacts and practices of discretization drew strongly upon feminist critiques of vision and the god‐trick (Haraway ; Rose ).…”
Section: Feminism Gis and Geographymentioning
confidence: 99%