Phosphorylation of tau protein is a critical event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). Increased phosphorylated tau and total tau levels, combined with reduced concentrations of amyloid beta 1–42 (Aβ42) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), but not in plasma or serum, have been generally accepted as sensitive AD diagnostic markers. However, obtaining CSF is a relatively invasive procedure that requires participation of specially trained medical professionals, i.e., CSF is not an ideal sample source for scr…
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