2015
DOI: 10.1590/s1517-838246420140316
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Mycotoxicological and palynological profiles of commercial brands of dried bee pollen

Abstract: Pollen is used in the human diet as a food supplement because of its high nutritional value; however, this product is prone to fungal contamination that could potentially generate toxins that are harmful to human health. This study aimed to verify the floral diversity of commercial brands of bee pollen and their mycotoxicological safety for human consumption. A total of 27 bee pollen samples were analyzed; these samples represented commercial brands, either showing an inspection seal or not, marketed in the St… Show more

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Cited by 29 publications
(23 citation statements)
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References 17 publications
(19 reference statements)
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“…as compared to spring pollen. Cladosporium fungi are present in the environment on substrates of various chemical composition, their spores are often found in humid air (Deveza et al, 2015). In the studies, C. cladosporioides was one of the most frequently isolated micromycetes in pollen collected at the end of summer.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…as compared to spring pollen. Cladosporium fungi are present in the environment on substrates of various chemical composition, their spores are often found in humid air (Deveza et al, 2015). In the studies, C. cladosporioides was one of the most frequently isolated micromycetes in pollen collected at the end of summer.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…According to the structural components of pollen, there is no other product that could substitute them (Gendrolis, 2012). Pollen contains about 200 different substances (including proteins, carbohydrates, flavonoids, enzymes, trace elements, abundant amino acids and vitamins (Deveza et al, 2015;Kieliszek et al, 2018)). Bee pollen is delivered as a healthy food supplement and a dietary product (Hassan, 2011).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Thus are the high hygienic standards and proper handling of the product in every stage of production crucial for its quality and safety. Opposite activities can cause the product becoming undesirable and harmful for human health (Deveza et al, 2015;Beev et al, 2018;Kieliszek et al, 2018). In this investigation we examined i) the microbiological quality of bee pollen by determining the total aerobic count, yeast and mold count, and coliform bacteria, ii) the total phenolic content, ii) antioxidative potential (AOP), and iii) antimicrobial activity of bee pollen gathered from 7 different Slovenian statistical (geographical) regions.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Bee pollen is considered to be one of the most complete food items in nature (Petrovic et al, 2014). Pollen contains about 200 different substances, including proteins, carbohydrates, flavonoids, enzymes, trace elements, and numerous amino acids and vitamins (Deveza et al, 2015;Kieliszek et al, 2018).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…An important issue concerning the criteria of pollen quality is its purity and microbiological safety (Deveza et al, 2015). It seems that the most critical step is the removal of pollen from traps.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%