volume 41, issue 4, P401-408 2019
DOI: 10.1590/2237-6089-2018-0116
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Abstract: Abstract Introduction Although bipolar disorder (BD) is traditionally included among mood disorders, some authors believe that changes in energy and motor activity, rather than mood changes, represent the true cardinal symptoms in mania and depression. The aim of the current study was to identify which cluster of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) better distinguishes between mania, depression and euthymia. Method A group of 106 patients with BD were followed for 13 years and repeatedly assessed …

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