2021
DOI: 10.1093/biolinnean/blab034
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Mesoamerica is a cradle and the Atlantic Forest is a museum of Neotropical butterfly diversity: insights from the evolution and biogeography of Brassolini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)

Abstract: Regional species diversity is explained ultimately by speciation, extinction and dispersal. Here, we estimate dispersal and speciation rates of Neotropical butterflies to propose an explanation for the distribution and diversity of extant species. We focused on the tribe Brassolini (owl butterflies and allies), a Neotropical group that comprises 17 genera and 108 species, most of them endemic to rainforest biomes. We inferred a robust species tree using the multispecies coalescent framework and a dataset inclu… Show more

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Cited by 24 publications
(14 citation statements)
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“…The continental Agraulis species may have evolved under different environmental conditions across Central America, the Chocó region west of the Andes, the Amazon region and the Guianas and the southeastern Atlantic region. These regions seem to have played an important role in the diversification of many South American groups, including butterflies (Smith et al, 2014;Toussaint et al, 2019;Ortiz-Acevedo et al, 2020;Matos-Maraví et al, 2021). However, Dryas alcionea (as D. iuliaCONT in figure 19), which overlaps its range with most continental Agraulis, apparently has maintained gene flow among its populations.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The continental Agraulis species may have evolved under different environmental conditions across Central America, the Chocó region west of the Andes, the Amazon region and the Guianas and the southeastern Atlantic region. These regions seem to have played an important role in the diversification of many South American groups, including butterflies (Smith et al, 2014;Toussaint et al, 2019;Ortiz-Acevedo et al, 2020;Matos-Maraví et al, 2021). However, Dryas alcionea (as D. iuliaCONT in figure 19), which overlaps its range with most continental Agraulis, apparently has maintained gene flow among its populations.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The Atlantic Forest is one of the Earth's most endangered biodiversity hotspots, with less than 20% of its original cover remaining. Despite all of this loss, remaining forest fragments harbor exceptionally diverse fauna and flora with extremely high levels of speciation and endemism on the one hand, and the persistence of old lineages via low species extinction rates on the other hand, which makes this biome both a cradle and a museum of Neotropical diversity [31,33,63]. Many interesting insects were reported from the Atlantic Forest, including the bioluminescent larvae of Keroplatidae fungus gnats (Diptera) [64] and rove beetles (Staphylinidae) [65], the first Neotropical meropeid Mecoptera [66], ant-brood parasitizing scuttle flies (Phoridae) [67], and many others.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The Neotropics is one of the most species-rich regions on Earth [ 1 ]. Biodiversity studies in the Neotropics have hypothesized both the Andes and Caribbean-Mesoamerica as cradle(s) for Neotropical lineages, but only a few studies have investigated the dynamics and interactions between bioregions [ 1 , 2 ]. The uplift of the Andes was a major event in the geological history of South America, providing barriers and opportunities for allopatric speciation and new ecological conditions for adaption and ecological speciation of animals (e.g.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The uplift of the Andes was a major event in the geological history of South America, providing barriers and opportunities for allopatric speciation and new ecological conditions for adaption and ecological speciation of animals (e.g. [ 2 4 ]) and flora (e.g. [ 5 , 6 ]).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%