2004
DOI: 10.1590/s0103-90162004000500001 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Although some methods for determining lime requirement of pond soils are available and commonly used, there is still no consensus on whether it is more effective to apply liming materials to the bottoms of empty ponds or to wait and apply them over the water surface after ponds are filled. There is also little information on how deep lime reacts in pond sediment over time, and whether the depth of reaction is different when liming materials are applied to the water or to the soil. Therefore, three techniques f… Show more

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“…Calcium is an essential element for fish growth and health, and a minimum concentration in water is desirable to get good growth performance indices. In general, culture waters with pH below 7.0 and total alkalinity below 50 mg L -1 will get benefits by liming (QUEIROZ et al, 2004).…”
Section: +mentioning
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“…Calcium is an essential element for fish growth and health, and a minimum concentration in water is desirable to get good growth performance indices. In general, culture waters with pH below 7.0 and total alkalinity below 50 mg L -1 will get benefits by liming (QUEIROZ et al, 2004).…”
Section: +mentioning
“…While Na 2 CO 3 is soluble in water, CaCO 3 has a poor solubility (TEIR et al, 2007). However, CaCO 3 as agricultural limestone is the product most frequently used both for agriculture (PEIXOTO et al, 1998) and aquaculture liming (QUEIROZ et al, 2004). In aquaculture, the reasons for the use of agricultural limestone (CaCO 3 ) instead of Na 2 CO 3 as the standard product for liming are (1) the increase of both water alkalinity and hardness carried out by CaCO 3 liming and not by Na 2 CO 3 and (2) the lower cost of CaCO 3 .…”
Section: Water Qualitymentioning
“…In addition, land management practices such as the use of limestone by farmers cause high pH F on surface soil. It has been reported by de Queiroz et al (2004) that the application of lime in soil surface can significantly affect the soil to depth of 0.04 m. At 0 to 0.25 m soil depth, the spatial distribution of relative pH F was the same as shown in Figure 2 Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol.6 No.1, 2011 exceed the value 5 (Mustafa & Rachmansyah, 2008). Figure 2 shows detected the pH OX was low.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
“…Liming to increase soils pH during pond preparation and shrimp farming is another cause of higher pond soil pH. However, the lime does not penetrate soil depth until 0.2-0.5; therefore the liming does not elevate soils pH at the depth greater than 0.2 m. in fact, lime particles only penetrate until the depth of 0.04 m (Queiroz et al, 2004) and 0.05 m (Conyers et al, 2003).…”
Section: Akhmad Mustafa Et Al 11(3): 071-081 (2017)mentioning