2018
DOI: 10.1111/bioe.12495
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Is infertility a disease and does it matter?

Abstract: Claims about whether or not infertility is a disease are sometimes invoked to defend or criticize the provision of state-funded treatment for infertility. In this paper, I suggest that this strategy is problematic. By exploring infertility through key approaches to disease in the philosophy of medicine, I show that there are deep theoretical disagreements regarding what subtypes of infertility qualify as diseases. Given that infertility's disease status remains unclear, one cannot uncontroversially justify or … Show more

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Cited by 21 publications
(7 citation statements)
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“…Infertility is not life-threatening however. There is also debate over whether infertility is a disease,5 which we cannot settle here and so will set aside. Nevertheless, as we argue below, infertility certainly causes suffering, some of which can be ameliorated by access to donor sperm.…”
Section: Does An Unmet Need Justify the Use Of Gametes Donated After mentioning
confidence: 98%
“…Infertility is not life-threatening however. There is also debate over whether infertility is a disease,5 which we cannot settle here and so will set aside. Nevertheless, as we argue below, infertility certainly causes suffering, some of which can be ameliorated by access to donor sperm.…”
Section: Does An Unmet Need Justify the Use Of Gametes Donated After mentioning
confidence: 98%
“…Organizations such as the WHO, which define infertility as a disease, often use this diagnosis as a means to lobby for public funding for IVF, whereas other groups argue classifying infertility as a medical diagnosis represents pro-natalism, reinforcing misogynistic gender roles. 20 The OFP has framed infertility as a positive right to a child by providing funding for IVF but has decided to limit that funding, which seems in juxtaposition to the intended goals of a public health care system. A major theme of the government cam- When considering the substantive factors to determine how to allocate IVF funds, using either an egalitarian or Rawlsian approach would be challenging to perfect.…”
Section: Theme 2: Difficulty In Deciding Who Should Have Access To Fu...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Les personnes modestes, les célibataires, les couples d'hommes* et les personnes transsexuelles restent défavorisés. de l'absence involontaire d'enfant qu'elle entraîne [2].…”
Section: Infertilitéunclassified