2013
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2012.12.019
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Grape berry yeast communities: Influence of fungicide treatments

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Cited by 81 publications
(67 citation statements)
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“…This fact has been attributed to the effect of antifungal treatments that are carried out with greater intensity in years with higher precipitations [81]. In fact, some studies suggest that the usage of pesticides in vineyards decrease yeast biodiversity [82], however this is not universal [23,28,83,84]. Our previous studies [57] on yeast communities from abandoned vineyards suggested that the decrease of yeast diversity in rainy years is rather related to climatic conditions than to the usage of fungicides.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…This fact has been attributed to the effect of antifungal treatments that are carried out with greater intensity in years with higher precipitations [81]. In fact, some studies suggest that the usage of pesticides in vineyards decrease yeast biodiversity [82], however this is not universal [23,28,83,84]. Our previous studies [57] on yeast communities from abandoned vineyards suggested that the decrease of yeast diversity in rainy years is rather related to climatic conditions than to the usage of fungicides.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Following our protocol, 27 samples did not reveal the presence of yeasts in 1 m 3 , whereas 15 samples showed a log mean count value of 0.95±0.45 per m 3 , with different isolation rates for some species, such as S. cerevisiae (F9511.9 %, I'534.6 %), Aureobasidium pullulans (F95 9.5 %, I'519.2 %), Rhodotorula glutinis (F959.5 %, I'5 15.4 %) and Cryptococcus laurentii (F954.8 %, I'515.4 %). The climatic conditions, rainfall and phytosanitary treatments (Cordero-Bueso et al, 2011a;Milanović et al, 2013) probably affect the presence of fungi in the air, since clear differences were found throughout territories and vintages: in particular, S. cerevisiae was consistently isolated in the air of Oltrepò Pavese vineyards, while no yeast was collected in 2010 and 2011 in the Franciacorta area.…”
Section: Evaluation Of Species Biodiversitymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The population density and diversity of indigenous yeasts on grape berries are intricately linked to numerous factors such as climatic conditions, the geographical location of the vineyard, the ripeness of the grape berries, the age of the vineyard, the soil type, the grape variety and the agronomic factors in general, such as the use of antifungal treatments, soil management, etc. (Chavan et al 2009;Cordero-Bueso et al, 2011a,2011bFleet, 2003Fleet, , 2008Longo et al, 1991;Milanović et al, 2013;Tello et al, 2012).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Numerous studies in recent years have revealed that some commonly used fungicides (cyprodinil, fludioxonil, metiram, penconazole, pyraclostrobin) on grapevines can affect yeast metabolic activity (Čadež et al, 2010;Calhelha et al, 2006;Ganga and Martínez, 2004;González-Rodríguez et al, 2011;Milanović et al, 2013). These studies are nevertheless usually based on short term analyses after fungicide treatments and do not reproduce the variability factors which occur in nature and which vary year by year.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%