2012
DOI: 10.5194/bg-9-4921-2012
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Abstract: Abstract. Reactive nitrogen (N r ) compounds have different fates in the atmosphere due to differences in the governing processes of physical transport, deposition and chemical transformation. N r compounds addressed here include reduced nitrogen (NH x : ammonia (NH 3 ) and its reaction product ammonium (NH

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Cited by 71 publications
(285 citation statements)
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References 284 publications
(285 reference statements)
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“…It means that local sources inside the satellite footprint could have a strong influence on the IASI column values but not be represented in the ground-based data sets due to the high horizontal gradient of NH 3 concentrations around the source Sutton et al, 1998;Hertel et al, 2012). Conversely, background concentrations within the IASI pixel will tend to mask single local sources.…”
Section: Hourly Resolved Data Setmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…It means that local sources inside the satellite footprint could have a strong influence on the IASI column values but not be represented in the ground-based data sets due to the high horizontal gradient of NH 3 concentrations around the source Sutton et al, 1998;Hertel et al, 2012). Conversely, background concentrations within the IASI pixel will tend to mask single local sources.…”
Section: Hourly Resolved Data Setmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Monitoring NH 3 from the ground is not straightforward due to technical limitations and to high variability of concentrations in time and space (von Bobrutzki et al, 2010;Hertel et al, 2012). While the availability of NH 3 concentration and flux measurements at sub-landscape scales is increasing, measurements at landscape to regional scale are sparser (Flechard et al, 2013).…”
Section: Ground-based Observationsmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Recent opinions by Erisman et al (2011) do not take this effect into account, probably because the scientific understanding has not been available (e.g. Hertel et al, 2012). A scientific meeting in the Royal Society, 5-6 December 2011, on the global nitrogen cycle had an entire session dedicated to the ammonia issue.…”
Section: Relevance Of Including Dynamical Modelling Of Nh 3 Emissionsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Sutton et al (1993cSutton et al ( , 1995b, Asman et al (1998), Nemitz et al (2001a), Hertel et al (2006Hertel et al ( , 2012, Loubet et al (2009a), van Pul et al (2009), Sutton et al (2007), Fowler et al (2009), Wu et al (2009), Massad et al (2010b), Zhang et al (2010), Sutton et al (2013). The present contribution seeks to bring together the most recent advances in measurements, understanding and modelling of surface/atmosphere NH 3 exchange over the vegetated land area, including the application of fertilizers, manures and slurry to farmland.…”
Section: Scope Of the Reviewmentioning
confidence: 99%