2012
DOI: 10.1590/s1519-69842012000200024 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: The avian guild that consumes Miconia albicans (Melastomataceae) fruits and its phenophases were studied in a fragment of cerrado vegetation located in southeastern Brazil. The fruiting period ocurred between October and January, coinciding with the wet season. Nineteen bird species, mainly of generalistic diets, were registered consuming fruits in 96 observational hours. Species of the families Emberizidae, Thraupidae and Tyrannidae showed the largest number of visits, while those of the families Mimidae and … Show more

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“…Snow (1981) characterized fruit produced by the Miconia species as a good example of those consumed preferentially by opportunistic birds as the fruit is small and juicy and bears many small seeds. Our results confirm a general dispersal system for M. ligustroides, while a similar study conducted on M. albicans, in the same study area, registered nineteen opportunistic bird species consuming its fruit (Allenspach and Dias, 2012). The guilds consuming M. albicans and M. ligustroides fruit are similar (Jaccard Index = 0.67) and the dissimilarities can possibly be explained by different fruiting seasons, migrant bird species and the sites of the trees in the studied area.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
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“…Snow (1981) characterized fruit produced by the Miconia species as a good example of those consumed preferentially by opportunistic birds as the fruit is small and juicy and bears many small seeds. Our results confirm a general dispersal system for M. ligustroides, while a similar study conducted on M. albicans, in the same study area, registered nineteen opportunistic bird species consuming its fruit (Allenspach and Dias, 2012). The guilds consuming M. albicans and M. ligustroides fruit are similar (Jaccard Index = 0.67) and the dissimilarities can possibly be explained by different fruiting seasons, migrant bird species and the sites of the trees in the studied area.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
“…In frugivory studies conducted in the Cerrado , Cazetta et al 2002, Melo et al 2003, Marcondes-Machado & Rosa 2005, Pascotto 2006, 2007, Francisco et al 2007, Christianini & Oliveira 2009, Allenspach & Dias 2012, Pascotto et al 2012, Maruyama et al 2013, species of the aforementioned families also stood out as the main potential seed dispersers, with Tangara sayaca, Tangara cayana (Thraupidae), Pitangus sulphuratus (Linnaeus, 1766) and Myiodynastes maculatus (Tyrannidae) standing out as the most frequently recorded species.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…This species is apomictic, producing sterile pollen and receiving few visits by pollinators (Goldenberg and Shepherd, 1998). Its flowers are small and white and stay open for only a short period of time (Allenspach and Dias, 2012). It produces numerous small fruits which contain high levels of water and carbohydrates (Maruyama et al, 2007) and are consumed by at least 19 bird species (Allenspach and Dias, 2012).…”
Section: Study Speciesmentioning
“…Its flowers are small and white and stay open for only a short period of time (Allenspach and Dias, 2012). It produces numerous small fruits which contain high levels of water and carbohydrates (Maruyama et al, 2007) and are consumed by at least 19 bird species (Allenspach and Dias, 2012). Its reproduction was observed to be inhibited in the first year after a fire but stimulated in the second and third years (Hoffmann, 1998).…”
Section: Study Speciesmentioning
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