2019
DOI: 10.1590/1519-6984.178458 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: The objective of this trial was to characterize the assemblage structure of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) by determining the diversity and faunal indices. Fruit flies were collected for ten years between 2003 and 2015 in six municipalities of the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba, Paraná. The orchards were divided into three crop protection strategies: organic, conventional, and integrated pest management. The characteristic of each community was determined using the Shannon-Wiener, Margalef, and Pielou's i… Show more

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“…Several factors are related to diversity and abundance of fruit flies; however, climate generally regulates the development of native hosts and natural antagonism between species (ALUJA et al, 1997). The occurrence of fruit fly species depends on preference of hosts and is affected by the landscape, that is, the forestgrowing system (MONTEIRO et al, 2018). According to these authors, in the metropolitan region of Curitiba (Paraná State -Brazil), many orchards are near or surrounded by fragments of the Atlantic Forest, which leads to interspecific competition.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…Several factors are related to diversity and abundance of fruit flies; however, climate generally regulates the development of native hosts and natural antagonism between species (ALUJA et al, 1997). The occurrence of fruit fly species depends on preference of hosts and is affected by the landscape, that is, the forestgrowing system (MONTEIRO et al, 2018). According to these authors, in the metropolitan region of Curitiba (Paraná State -Brazil), many orchards are near or surrounded by fragments of the Atlantic Forest, which leads to interspecific competition.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…Tephritidae is one of the most important Diptera families as it encompasses pest species that cause great economic losses in fruit crops worldwide (Dias et al, 2018;Monteiro et al, 2019). Interestingly, Brazil is home to many species of native fruit fly parasitoids, belonging to the Braconidae, Diapriidae, Figitidae and Pteromalidae families (Garcia and Ricalde, 2013;Ongaratto et al, 2020).…”
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“…A. fraterculus is the species with the largest number of host plants in Brazil ( 116), followed by A. obliqua (51) . Dominance of these species has been observed in several Brazilian states (Aguiar-Menezes et al, 2008;Garcia et al, 2003;Monteiro et al, 2019;. Commonly, in commercial orchards one or two species of fruit flies are dominant, comprising a significant part of the total of captured specimens ).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…This result highlights the importance of using richness partitioning analysis for problems in agriculture, mainly when species richness is involved. The richness of fruit fly species depends directly on their host plant preference, but this association is also influenced by the landscape, particularly when orchards are scattered in different areas, including Atlantic forest remnant (Monteiro et al, 2019).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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