In order to describe the cases of exogenous intoxication in the State of Alagoas, with emphasis on pesticides, a survey was conducted between the period 2007 and 2017, from the SINAN database, provided by the Alagoas State Health Department. They were recorded total of 28,314 cases of exogenous intoxication, wherein medicines (33.9%), food and beverages (11.3%) and pesticides (8.8%) were the main intoxicating agents. The year 2013, with 4,489 notifications, was those with the highest number of records. In relation to pesticides, 1,151 cases were reported, wherein the city of Arapiraca, with 246 records, led the ranking of notifications. Male population (73.7%), aged between 20 and 49 years (60.7%), with a low educational level (21.6%), who became intoxicated at their residence (39.7%), in sprayings (20.8%) of herbicide (28.5%), mainly 2,4D (60.8%), were the main circumstances. It was detected that 90% of the aggravations by pesticides presented cure without sequels, despite the registry of 28 deaths. This information shows that exogenous poisoning is a public health problem and that monitoring of records and on-site monitoring by health workers, investments in rural extension work, and technical assistance could significantly reduce the problem.