2002
DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00222.2002
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Effects of exercise training on thermoregulatory responses and blood volume in older men

Abstract: We assessed the effects of aerobic and/or resistance training on thermoregulatory responses in older men and analyzed the results in relation to the changes in peak oxygen consumption rate (VO(2 peak)) and blood volume (BV). Twenty-three older men [age, 64 +/- 1 (SE) yr; VO(2 peak), 32.7 +/- 1.1 ml. kg(-1). min(-1)] were divided into three training regimens for 18 wk: control (C; n = 7), aerobic training (AT; n = 8), and resistance training (RT; n = 8). Subjects in C were allowed to perform walking of ~10,000 … Show more

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Cited by 72 publications
(102 citation statements)
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References 34 publications
(55 reference statements)
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“…Additionally, six of nine studies [4,9,18,21,24,33,39,49,53] in older subjects have reported significant improvements in VO 2 max following RT ( Table 2).…”
Section: Older Subjectsmentioning
confidence: 98%
“…Additionally, six of nine studies [4,9,18,21,24,33,39,49,53] in older subjects have reported significant improvements in VO 2 max following RT ( Table 2).…”
Section: Older Subjectsmentioning
confidence: 98%
“…We found that the heart rate (HR) in older men and women walking at the maximal velocity almost reached the age-expected maximal values, 3 suggesting that V · O 2peak would be increased in older people if walking training was performed at a higher intensity than that recommended by current guidelines. 2 Furthermore, we recently observed that cycling exercise training at moderate to high intensity increased thigh muscle strength and mass in older men, 4,5 suggesting that, like traditional resistance training, aerobic exercise training, if performed at the required intensity, can increase thigh muscle strength in older people. On the basis of these findings, we surmised that high-intensity walking training could increase V · O 2peak and muscle mass and strength in older people.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Okazaki et al 73) have recently shown that the improved sensitivities of cutaneous vasodilation and sweating responses at a given increase in T es after 18-wk endurance or resistance training in the elderly were positively correlated with the increase in blood volume, suggesting that the reduced heat dissipation mechanisms is closely associating with body fluid regulation (Fig. 6).…”
Section: Impaired Thermoregulatory and Body Fluid Regulationsmentioning
confidence: 92%
“…Okazaki et al 73) assessed the effects of 18-wk exercise training on thermoregulatory responses and blood volume in the elderly, divided into three training regimens; control, aerobic training (50-80% VO 2max 60 min/ d, 3 d/wk), and resistance training (knee extension and flexion at 60-80% of 1 RM × 8, 2-3 sets/d, 3 d/wk, RT) (Fig. 6).…”
Section: Effects Of Exercise Trainingmentioning
confidence: 99%