2020
DOI: 10.1080/21699763.2018.1526697
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Abstract: Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) have become the main instrument to combat poverty in Latin America, they have been exported around the globe and are one of the most popular social policies of the twenty-first century. CCTs deliver cash transfers to poor families with conditionalities like attendance to school and health appointments. This article aims to explain the creation of CCTs. The research applies arguments from theories of social policy development to explain the formulation of the first two CCTs int… Show more

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Cited by 13 publications
(6 citation statements)
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“…They are based in a particular understanding of poverty as stemming from low human capital, which creates poverty traps and reproduces poverty across generations. This in turn directly informs their design and goals as policy instruments (Valásquez Leyer, 2020): they aim to provide the resources (cash) and the incentives (educational conditionalities) to facilitate human capital development amongst poor children, with the aim of interrupting the intergenerational cycle of poverty (Roelen, 2014). The implicit logic of CCT programmes is illustrated in Figure 1.…”
Section: Development Agendas and The Framing Of Education As Key To P...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…They are based in a particular understanding of poverty as stemming from low human capital, which creates poverty traps and reproduces poverty across generations. This in turn directly informs their design and goals as policy instruments (Valásquez Leyer, 2020): they aim to provide the resources (cash) and the incentives (educational conditionalities) to facilitate human capital development amongst poor children, with the aim of interrupting the intergenerational cycle of poverty (Roelen, 2014). The implicit logic of CCT programmes is illustrated in Figure 1.…”
Section: Development Agendas and The Framing Of Education As Key To P...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The third group in the publications on the determinants/causes of social addresses ideational factors—most importantly, the diffusion of ideas. They are interested in how professional norms and epistemic communities are created to shape social policy agenda, and how the bureaucrats and program implementers learn ideas that inform social policy-making in other geographies (Means and Smith, 1983 ; Sugiyama, 2011 ; Fenwick, 2013 ; Tomazini, 2019 ; Velázquez Leyer, 2020 ).…”
Section: Political and Structural Explanations Of Social Assistance P...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Moreover, the above assumptions will be used as a loop to look at the Korean case, to analyse how the political convergence on universal childcare in Korea –either under the conservative or progressive regime–was driven by the combined factors of “the promotion of the idea by international actors and cognitive shortcuts taken by domestic policymakers under pressure from electoral competition” (Leyer, 2018, p. 4). Further analysis of this is explained in detail the next section.…”
Section: Major Causation Of Political Convergencementioning
confidence: 99%