2019
DOI: 10.4236/psych.2019.1013119
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Culture Shock: A Review of the Literature for Practitioners

Abstract: This paper considers the research on the ever-popular concept of culture shock and related ideas. Researchers from different disciplines (anthropology, education, psychiatry, psychology, sociology) have attempted to operationalise the concept, measure it, and understand the process behind it, as well as develop strategies to help those who experience it. This paper also considers issues concerned with the measurement of adjustment as well as the various groups of travellers who can have serious culture shock d… Show more

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Cited by 38 publications
(23 citation statements)
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References 77 publications
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“…At the societal level for instance, globalization and internationalization of higher education in South Africa and the consequent reaching out to an international pool of applicants have contributed to it being their choice for studies While push factors in their country of origin have also come to the fore. At the individual level in line with Furnham (2019), results showed that certain characteristics of individual students played a role in their adapting to their new learning environment for example "training and experience". Participants were able to gain access to part-time work as tutors or research assistants while studying, and as such could use their learning, whether formal or informal to aid their cultural transition.…”
Section: Adaptationmentioning
confidence: 76%
“…At the societal level for instance, globalization and internationalization of higher education in South Africa and the consequent reaching out to an international pool of applicants have contributed to it being their choice for studies While push factors in their country of origin have also come to the fore. At the individual level in line with Furnham (2019), results showed that certain characteristics of individual students played a role in their adapting to their new learning environment for example "training and experience". Participants were able to gain access to part-time work as tutors or research assistants while studying, and as such could use their learning, whether formal or informal to aid their cultural transition.…”
Section: Adaptationmentioning
confidence: 76%
“…Ward et al's (2001; and Zhou et al's (2008) acculturation models An unpleasant experience that cultural travellers have in a host country is generally termed 'culture shock'. Coupled with 'reverse culture shock', this term has been widely used in the popular media (Furnham, 2019) and employed in studies on international students' experiences (Belford, 2017;Furnham, 2019;Presbitero, 2016). The concept of culture shock is used by many international students because it resonates with them and provides some reassurance that what they experience has been encountered by others (Belford, 2017;Heng, 2017).…”
Section: Other Acculturation Frameworkmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…was initially used to explore people's intercultural experience. In the past, this term was used to investigate immigrants' experiences relating to mental health (Furnham, 2019).…”
Section: Other Acculturation Frameworkmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…An unpleasant experience that cultural travellers have in a host country is generally termed 'culture shock'. Coupled with 'reverse culture shock', this term has been widely used in the popular media (Furnham, 2019) and employed in studies on international students'…”
Section: Acculturation Modelsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…experiences (Belford, 2017;Furnham, 2019;Presbitero, 2016). The concept of culture shock is used by many international students because it resonates with them and provides some reassurance that what they experience has been encountered by others (Belford, 2017;Heng, 2017).…”
Section: Acculturation Modelsmentioning
confidence: 99%