1999
DOI: 10.1037/1089-2680.3.2.118 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Given the widespread use of caffeine and its potential nonoptimal effects during pregnancy, it is remarkable and distressing that almost nothing is known about the long-term effects of prenatal caffeine exposure in humans. Research on nonhumans reveals that prenatal caffeine exposure is associated with an enduring tendency toward a profile of fearfulness, hypoactivity, and exaggerated stress in uncertain situations. A similar pattern of behavioral inhibition has been observed in humans and has been attributed … Show more

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“…One mechanistic hypothesis for elevated TSI and lower PFC activation on large reward anticipation in children with daily PCE (vs. no exposure) could be a negative impact of maternal caffeine on inhibitory control [ 44 ], which elevates their drive to consume obesogenic foods. Individual differences in sensitivity to rewards are stated as an important predictor of reactivity to one’s food environment [ 45 ].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning