2008
DOI: 10.1590/s0104-59702008000300005
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Caminos, ciencia y Estado en el Perú, 1850-1930

Abstract: ResumenEl objetivo de este estudio es brindar una visión panorámica de la relación entre el desarrollo de los estudios naturalistas con el control del territorio en el Perú desde mediados del siglo XIX hasta las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Durante esta etapa se produjo un notable desarrollo científico -tanto de investigadores como de instituciones académicas -que recibieron el respaldo del Estado peruano que empezaba a contar con mas recursos después del periodo de relativa inestabilidad que se sucedió a la… Show more

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Cited by 9 publications
(15 citation statements)
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“…A partir de 1890 se produce una serie de cambios en Arequipa con repercusiones en regiones vecinas (Contreras & Cueto, 2008). La extensión del ferrocarril hacia Cusco y Puno y el auge de los precios de la lana de camélidos y del caucho de la selva multiplican los negocios: las minas (con capitales estadounidenses y británicos), las empresas de transporte, de construcción civil, agrícolas e industriales, además de curtiembres, fundiciones y molinos.…”
Section: Economía Y Sociedad Ruralunclassified
“…A partir de 1890 se produce una serie de cambios en Arequipa con repercusiones en regiones vecinas (Contreras & Cueto, 2008). La extensión del ferrocarril hacia Cusco y Puno y el auge de los precios de la lana de camélidos y del caucho de la selva multiplican los negocios: las minas (con capitales estadounidenses y británicos), las empresas de transporte, de construcción civil, agrícolas e industriales, además de curtiembres, fundiciones y molinos.…”
Section: Economía Y Sociedad Ruralunclassified
“…In recent years scholars have called into question the extent of mining stagnation during the nineteenth century, noting that representations like Raimondi’s of an economy in decline overlooked both mining activities undertaken by indigenous miners in places like Huancavelica (Díaz and Contreras, 2008) and significant regional economic impacts of mining activity organized and controlled by nonindigenous miners in places like Cerro de Pasco (Deustua, 2000). Nevertheless, by the late nineteenth century, modernizing Peruvian elites commonly considered mining an underdeveloped industry, one that with proper state support, infrastructural development, and capital investment could be catalyzed to stimulate economic development, increase government revenues, and support state efforts to integrate the country’s diverse peoples and regions into the Peruvian nation (Contreras and Cueto, 2008; Cueto, 1989).…”
Section: Mining and The Promise Of Development In Perumentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Among the subsequent efforts by state actors to encourage mining and other resource development in Peru’s Andean region was the direct and indirect sponsorship of mining-related technoscientific development, including expedition-based scientific inquiry directed at identifying and cataloging the country’s mineral and other resource endowments (Contreras and Cueto, 2008). According to Marcos Cueto (1989), during the late nineteenth century Peruvian elites, influenced by the positivism emanating from Europe, thought that developing the country’s economy and unifying the nation required systematic knowledge of Peruvian territory and its resources, which, until then, had been largely unknown from an empirical and scientific perspective.…”
Section: Mining and The Promise Of Development In Perumentioning
confidence: 99%
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