2020
DOI: 10.1111/polp.12345
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Appearances can be Deceptive: Political Polarization, Agrarian Policy, and Coalitional Presidentialism in Brazil

Abstract: What can we infer about the effect of polarized politics on the Brazilian policy-making process?We attempt to answer this question by analyzing the country's political landscape and focusing on one specific policy issue concerning agrarian policies, an area that is exposed to much ideological conflict for both the left and right wing. We show how the mechanism has worked in this case to mitigate the polarization effects. Two political groups monopolized national elections over the past two decades sharing very… Show more

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Cited by 10 publications
(5 citation statements)
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References 55 publications
(44 reference statements)
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“…Political polarization refers to the divergence of political attitudes and beliefs toward ideological extremes, although a more pernicious form of polarization focuses less on the triumphs of ingroup party members than on dominating opposing party members (Finkel et al., 2020). Over the past few decades, political polarization has become more extreme in many countries (Kevins & Soroka, 2018; Pew Research Center, 2014; Zimerman & Pinheiro, 2020). A polarized political system likely motivates people to spread misinformation for partisan gain (Path C), which can, in turn, increase exposure to misinformation for a broad segment of the population (Path A and Figure 2).…”
Section: Psychological Risk Factorsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Political polarization refers to the divergence of political attitudes and beliefs toward ideological extremes, although a more pernicious form of polarization focuses less on the triumphs of ingroup party members than on dominating opposing party members (Finkel et al., 2020). Over the past few decades, political polarization has become more extreme in many countries (Kevins & Soroka, 2018; Pew Research Center, 2014; Zimerman & Pinheiro, 2020). A polarized political system likely motivates people to spread misinformation for partisan gain (Path C), which can, in turn, increase exposure to misinformation for a broad segment of the population (Path A and Figure 2).…”
Section: Psychological Risk Factorsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…We can see that there was not even a repetition of the result that occurred in presidential contests between PSDB and PT for the entire period of 1994–2014. The national polarization (Zimerman & Pinheiro, 2020) was not replicated at the state level.…”
Section: State/election Year Two Most Voted Political Parties North N...mentioning
confidence: 88%
“…Institutional arrangements that have shaped governing coalitions in Brazil in the last three decades have tended to guaranteed policy continuity, despite shifts in governing parties (Zimerman and Pinheiro, 2020). Since 2016, however, new administrations – Temer in 2016 and Bolsonaro in 2019 – have used the relative independence that the executive branch retains in Brazilian democracy to break from this tendency, especially when it comes to policies that have little political consensus, notably social policies (da Costa, 2019).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%