2016
DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20150398 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Salmonella Gallinarum (S. Gallinarum) and NAL and CIP (78%). The susceptibility profile of S. Gallinarum (2006Gallinarum ( -2013 (2006 -2013 period) showed the following susceptibility rates to NAL (65%), CIP (71%), ENR (94%) and TET (94%). All isolates were susceptible to β-lactams tested, however, resistance to quinolones and fluoroquinolones increased over time. Furthermore, low levels of resistance to other antibiotics were found in recent isolates, such as tetracyclines. was the following NAL (58%), CI… Show more

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“…Serovar Gallinarum showed multiple resistance to ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole and fosfomycin, agreeing with the results described by Penha Filho et al (30) , who evaluated the susceptibility profile of Salmonella Gallinarum and Salmonella Pullorumum, isolated from 1987 to 1991 and from 2006 to 2013 in Brazil. Ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, antimicrobial drugs identified in this study as ineffective against Salmonella Gallinarum, are among those used most empirically and indiscriminately, as shown in the questionnaire.…”
Section: Resultssupporting
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“…Serovar Gallinarum showed multiple resistance to ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole and fosfomycin, agreeing with the results described by Penha Filho et al (30) , who evaluated the susceptibility profile of Salmonella Gallinarum and Salmonella Pullorumum, isolated from 1987 to 1991 and from 2006 to 2013 in Brazil. Ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, antimicrobial drugs identified in this study as ineffective against Salmonella Gallinarum, are among those used most empirically and indiscriminately, as shown in the questionnaire.…”
Section: Resultssupporting
“…While few variants of S. enterica namely Salmonella Gallinarum (SG) and Salmonella Pullorum (SP) are non-flagellated and non-motile, the majority of members in the genus Salmonella are motile by peritrichous flagella. The SG and SP are associated with clinical disease in poultry, and they cause considerable economic losses -due to the replacement of infected flocks and associated treatment costs -to poultry farmers, especially in developing countries of the world [11][12][13]. In general, the genus has a predilection limited to the digestive tracts of both humans and animals hosts.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…Furthermore, this practice has led to increased resistance to fluoroquinolones in some countries (Smith et al, 1981;Lee et al, 2003Lee et al, , 2004. In Brazil, the use of fluoroquinolones to treat flocks with FT is also a common practice in egg-producing farms (Penha Filho et al, 2016). Multi-resistance has been found in strains from Korea (Lee et al, 2003;Kang et al, 2010).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning