2011
DOI: 10.1590/s1678-91992011000200006
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Abstract: In the present study, Apis mellifera propolis and essential oils (EOs) obtained from aromatic plants were evaluated as alternative antimicrobials. We aimed to establish the antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extracts of propolis (EEP) from Apis mellifera and of EOs from Caryophyllus aromaticus, Zingiber officinale, Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Mentha piperita against 32 Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli strains from human clinical specimens. The antimicrobials were diluted in agar and the minimal inhibi… Show more

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Cited by 43 publications
(31 citation statements)
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“…72 Honey also has synergistic antimicrobial action with natural materials as chitosan 73 and ginger powder extract. 74 Otherwise, EEP showed synergistic antimicrobial effect with antibiotics {oxacillin, 27 clarithromycin, 75 cefazolin, 76 ciprofloxacin 50 cefixime 77 and many different antibiotics 27,53,66,69 } or essential oils of ginger, 78 garlic, 79 cinnamon, 80 clove, 78 or chitosan. 81 The study concluded that Egyptian fennel honey and EEP have potent antimicrobial activity against biofilm producing MRSA, while both apiproducts revealed more potency and synergy will be achieved against these foodborne pathogens.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…72 Honey also has synergistic antimicrobial action with natural materials as chitosan 73 and ginger powder extract. 74 Otherwise, EEP showed synergistic antimicrobial effect with antibiotics {oxacillin, 27 clarithromycin, 75 cefazolin, 76 ciprofloxacin 50 cefixime 77 and many different antibiotics 27,53,66,69 } or essential oils of ginger, 78 garlic, 79 cinnamon, 80 clove, 78 or chitosan. 81 The study concluded that Egyptian fennel honey and EEP have potent antimicrobial activity against biofilm producing MRSA, while both apiproducts revealed more potency and synergy will be achieved against these foodborne pathogens.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…6,32 Furthermore, by the use of combinations of EOs, various chemical compounds of EOs could simultaneously inhibit microorganisms, and accordingly the combinational antimicrobial activity could be improved. 17 Time-kill curves of C. aromaticus and O. majorana EOs showed strong bactericidal effects against all foodborne bacteria at 6 and 24 hours either alone or in combination. O. majorana EO was the only EO that showed bactericidal effect against B. subtilis at 3 hours.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 96%
“…It was indifferent against S. aureus and E. coli O 157 H 7 . Goñi et al, 16 Probst et al, 17 and Nascimento et al 46 15 reported that combination of marjoram and oregano exerted additive effect against B. cereus and E. coli O157:H7, while it was indifferent against L. monocytogenes and P. aeruginosa. The combinations of marjoram and rosemary EOs, sage and basil showed additive effects against L. monocytogenes.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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