2008
DOI: 10.1590/s1516-93322008000300008
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Analysis of the essential oils from Calendula officinalis growing in Brazil using three different extraction procedures

Abstract: Terpenes and aroma volatiles from flowers of Calendula officinalis cultivated in southeastern Brazil were obtained by steam distillation (SD), headspace-cold finger (HS-CF) extraction and headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography and mass spectrometric analysis. The dried flowers contained 0.1% oil. Kovats indices and mass spectra were used to identify 27 individual components in the various volatile fractions. The main components present in the volatile fractions of the C… Show more

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Cited by 38 publications
(47 citation statements)
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“…In various regions of the world output of essential oils was the following: 0.08% in Iran, 0.09% in South Africa, and 0.1% in Brazil. The results were confirmed by Gazim, & et al (2008).…”
Section: Resultssupporting
confidence: 60%
“…In various regions of the world output of essential oils was the following: 0.08% in Iran, 0.09% in South Africa, and 0.1% in Brazil. The results were confirmed by Gazim, & et al (2008).…”
Section: Resultssupporting
confidence: 60%
“…The covered tubes are incubated at 50°C and the absorbance is reading after 120 min. A negative control is realized in parallel, comprising 5 the evaluation of the antioxidant activity of this species by three different methods. It should be noted that to date, no studies on the chemical composition and biological activity of Calendula suffruticosa subsp suffruticoa Vahl.…”
Section: β-Carotene Bleaching Methodsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…4 While suffruticosa, derived from the Latin "frutex" means bush which brings this woody species closer to the sub-shrubs. 2 Numerous phytochemical investigations carried out on Calendula species such as C. officinalis and C. arvensis show that they constitute an enormous reservoir of potentially active natural molecules, the majority of which are essential oils, 1,2,3,4,5 Flavonoids, 6,7,8,9 the saponosides, 10 Carotenoids, 11,12,13 Organic acids, saccharides, sterols and lipids. 9 While the species Calendula suffruticosa subsp suffruticosa Vahl.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The latter oils were characterized by their relative higher terpinen-4-ol content. The essential oils of Calendula officinalis isolated by steam distillation comprised sesquiterpene hydrocarbons and oxygenated sesquiterpenes, while those obtained by HS-SPME and headspace-cold finger (HD-CF) consisted only in sesquiterpene hydrocarbons [31]. More recently, Rout et al [17] showed that the 2-phenethyl alcohol was better extracted by liquid CO 2 of the fresh flowers of Mimusops elengi when compared with hydrodistillation and solvent extraction.…”
Section: Chemical Composition Of the Aromatic Water Frommentioning
confidence: 99%