2008
DOI: 10.1590/s0102-695x2008000400009
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Analysis of a Brazilian green propolis from Baccharis dracunculifolia by HPLC-APCI-MS and GC-MS

Abstract: RESUMO: "Análise de uma própolis verde brasileira da Baccharis dracunculifolia por CLAE-ICPA-EM e CG-EM". Os extratos em etanol e diclorometano de uma própolis verde de Baccharis dracunculifolia foram analisados por CLAE-ICPA-EM e CG-EM, respectivamente. A técnica de CLAE-EM-ICPA, no modo positivo, forneceu uma completa e inequívoca composição química da amostra de própolis verde. Ela serve como impressão digital para amostras diferentes de própolis. A composição do extrato em etanol consistiu fundamentalmente… Show more

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Cited by 36 publications
(30 citation statements)
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References 24 publications
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“…Propolis from temperate zones generally consists of 50-60% resins and balsams, 30-40% of wax, 5-10% of essential and aromatic oils, 5% of pollen, and 5% of other substances (Mendoza et al, 1991). These substances comprise more than 210 different compounds identifi ed so far, such as aliphatic acids, aromatic esters and acids, fl avonoids, fatty acids, carbohydrates, aldehydes, amino acids, ketones, chalcones, dihydrochalcones, terpenoids, vitamins (B1, B2, B6, C, and E), and minerals (aluminum, antimonium, calcium, cesium, copper, iron, lithium, manganese, mercury, nickel, silver, vanadium, and zinc) (Ghisalbert, 1979;Moreira, 1990;Marcucci, 1995;Sousa et al, 2007;Chang et al, 2008;Lustosa et al, 2008). Therefore variation in propolis components could affect its properties (Nakamura et al, 2010).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Propolis from temperate zones generally consists of 50-60% resins and balsams, 30-40% of wax, 5-10% of essential and aromatic oils, 5% of pollen, and 5% of other substances (Mendoza et al, 1991). These substances comprise more than 210 different compounds identifi ed so far, such as aliphatic acids, aromatic esters and acids, fl avonoids, fatty acids, carbohydrates, aldehydes, amino acids, ketones, chalcones, dihydrochalcones, terpenoids, vitamins (B1, B2, B6, C, and E), and minerals (aluminum, antimonium, calcium, cesium, copper, iron, lithium, manganese, mercury, nickel, silver, vanadium, and zinc) (Ghisalbert, 1979;Moreira, 1990;Marcucci, 1995;Sousa et al, 2007;Chang et al, 2008;Lustosa et al, 2008). Therefore variation in propolis components could affect its properties (Nakamura et al, 2010).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…A própolis é considerada uma das misturas mais heterogêneas encontradas em fontes naturais, sendo que mais de 300 constituintes já foram identificados e/ou caracterizados em diferentes amostras (Burdock, 1998;Chang et al, 2008;Lustosa et al, 2008;Sousa et al, 2008). As abelhas (Apis mellifera) usam esta substância para protegê-las contra insetos e microorganismos, empregando-a em finas camadas nas paredes internas das colméias para vedar buracos e rachaduras, reparar e fortalecer os favos de mel, proteger a entrada da colméia, no preparo de locais assépticos para a postura da abelha rainha e na mumificação de insetos invasores .…”
Section: Introductionunclassified
“…Furthermore, for herbal preparations, some tests include quantification A validated capillary gas chromatography method for guaco (Mikania glomerata S.) quality control and traceability: of the active compounds and uniformity of dosage, disintegration, dissolution among others (Ong, 2004). Concerning the quantification assay and considering the high complexity of this type of matrix, special attention has been given to chromatographic techniques, mainly gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), due to their advantages such as good separation, efficiency and speed properties (WHO, 1998;Ribani et al, 2004;César et al, 2007;Sousa et al, 2007;Chang et al, 2008).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%