2016
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166433 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
Has correction 2017-3-30Has erratum 2017-3-30
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Abstract: BackgroundAlternatively activated (M2) macrophages are phenotypically characterized by the expression of specific markers, mainly macrophage scavenger receptors (CD204 and CD163) and mannose receptor-1 (CD206), and participate in the fibrotic process by over-producing pro-fibrotic molecules, such as transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFbeta1) and metalloproteinase (MMP)-9. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is implicated in the fibrotic process, exerting its pro-fibrotic effects through the interaction with its receptors (ET… Show more

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