2013
DOI: 10.1007/s11277-013-1056-5
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Abstract: The routing protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is defined as the manner of data dissemination from the network field (source) to the base station (destination). Based on the network topology, there are two types of routing protocols in WSNs, they are namely flat routing protocols and hierarchical routing protocols. Hierarchical routing protocols (HRPs) are more energy efficient and scalable compared to flat routing protocols. This paper discusses how topology management and network application influe… Show more

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Cited by 62 publications
(25 citation statements)
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“…Organizing clusters is a natural way of classifying neighboring nodes and omitting redundant data in many applications. The total amount of data transmitted to the base station (BS) drops significantly through collecting and combining data from nodes in the CH, that results in a reduced energy consumption [6].…”
Section: Related Workmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The data, collected from all sensor nodes, is then processed for the user or a special operation. As mentioned above, due to the random distribution of nodes, networking protocols employed by the network are required to allow for self-organization [6].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The first main parameter concerns the remaining energy of each node, and the second parameter is the intra-cluster "communication cost". For example, the cost can be a function of neighbour proximity or cluster density, that can calculated using Equation (2). Unlike LEACH, HEED protocol the CH nodes are not randomly selected.…”
Section: Chybrid Energy-efficient Distributed (Heed)mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…WSNs composed of a large number of sensor nodes with limited battery power, which can be either densely or sparsely deployed in harsh and extreme environments, such as wild remote areas, natural habitats, and regions with access risk. On one hand, sensor nodes are usually battery-powered with limited operating time, and therefore they are highly sensitive to failure [2] [3]. On the other hand, the design an energy efficient WSNs protocol to prolonging the network lifetime is a challenging task due to the unique nature and strong networking constraints of wireless sensor networks [4].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…WSNs based on this type of architecture suffered from number of problems like sink failure, energy hole problem etc. In order to address above issues, sensor nodes are partitioned into various groups called clusters [7]. In [8] author proposed an Energy-Efficient Communication Protocols for Wireless Micro-sensor Networks i.e.…”
Section: Cluster Basedmentioning
confidence: 99%