In this letter we analyze the frictional contact forces during and immediately after the collapse of a weak snowpack layer, when the sliding plane consists of the freshly collapsed and crushed, but not yet eroded granular debris of the weak layer. The results from thirty-four field experiments show that frictional contact forces per unit area are on the order of 0.6 times the normal stress, equivalent to a friction angle close to 30 degrees. The measurements show that there is a transient, sharp drop in…
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and evaluate scientific articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by researchers from dozens of countries and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.