In this paper steady-state synchronous machine model which incorporates magnetic saturation and crossmagnetization is presented. Instead of using synchronous reactances and induced voltage E0 this model uses current dependent flux linkage functions in direct and quadrature axes to model armature reaction. If those functions are modeled as a polynomials of three independent variables which are armature current in direct and quadrature axis and field current, identification of the proposed model's parameters from load operation data becomes a linear problem. Paper also provides a method for calculation arbitrary steady-state load operation point based on the knowledge of the current dependent flux linkage functions. Proposed model, identification and calculation methods are validated and tested on 35 MVA, 10.5 kV, 50 Hz synchronous generator.
This study presents an accurate and computationally efficient finite-element (FE) calculation and modelling methods for the simulation of symmetrical steady-state load conditions for synchronous generators. For that purpose, two iterative methods are presented, implemented and compared. Those are Newton's iterative method and the relaxation parameter iterative method, which were both applied to magneto-static and transient FEs simulations. Various methods for obtaining armature voltage and power angle are proposed and analysed from the computational efficiency and the accuracy point of view. All methods showed good convergence results for solving this particular problem. Calculation results were compared with measurements on two synchronous generators installed in power plants.
This paper presents summarized electromagnetic and thermal design of interior permanent magnet motor for a low-floor tram TMK 2200. Motor geometry is optimized for maximum torque density using differential evolution algorithm. The influences of winding configuration on power losses and thermal transients in the motor during one driving cycle of the tram have been analyzed. The results indicate that an optimal number of turns per slot and parallel paths can be found to yield minimum temperatures in various parts of the motor considering the intermittent character of the load.
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