To simplify the layout of a purely electric vehicle transmission system and improve the acceleration performance of the vehicle, this paper utilizes the characteristics of the large torque of a hydraulic transmission system and proposes a new mechanical–electric–hydraulic dynamic coupling drive system (MEH-DCDS). It integrates the traditional motor and the swashplate hydraulic pump/motor into one, which can realize the mutual conversion between the mechanical energy, electrical energy, and hydraulic energy. This article explains its working principle and structural characteristics. At the same time, the mathematical model for the key components is established and the operation mode is divided into various types. Based on AMESim software, the article studies the dynamic characteristics of the MEH-DCDS, and finally proposes a method that combines real-time feedback of the accumulator output torque with PID control to complete the system simulation. The results show that the MEH-DCDS vehicle has a starting time of 4.52 s at ignition, and the starting performance is improved by 40.37% compared to that of a pure motor drive system vehicle; after a PID adjustment, the MEH-DCDS vehicle’s starting time is shortened by 1.04 s, and the acceleration performance is improved by 23.01%. The results indicated the feasibility of the system and the power performance was substantially improved. Finally, the system is integrated into the vehicle and the dynamic performance of the MEH-DCDS under cycle conditions is verified by joint simulation. The results show that the vehicle is able to follow the control speed well when the MEH-DCDS is loaded on the vehicle. The state-of-charge (SOC) consumption rate is reduced by 20.33% compared to an electric vehicle, while the MEH-DCDS has an increased range of 45.7 m compared to the EV. This improves the energy efficiency and increases the driving range.
Considering the high power density and high recovery efficiency of the hydraulic energy storage system, the power system combined with the hydraulic pump is adopted. The matching of automobile power transmission system includes the matching of hydraulic pump parameters, hydraulic accumulator parameters, motor parameters and battery parameters. AMESim and Simulink were used to carry out simulation modeling to analyze its performance. The simulation results showed that the adaptive combination of hydraulic system and battery system in electro-hydraulic hybrid vehicle could effectively improve the economic performance of the vehicle while ensuring the dynamic performance of the vehicle. It puts forward more efficient technology concept for the future development of hybrid electric vehicle.
Considering the problems of the low energy recovery efficiency and the short driving range of pure electric vehicles, a new electromechanical–hydraulic coupled power electric vehicle is proposed. First, we develop an electromechanical–hydraulic coupled power electric vehicle model and design an energy management strategy to match it. On this basis, an optimization strategy is proposed with the goal of improving the braking energy recovery efficiency and avoiding the impact of high-speed braking energy recovery on the hydraulic system. The energy recovery mode conversion is optimized for different vehicle speeds when braking. Finally, the proposed optimization strategy is verified by joint simulation. The results show that when the vehicle speed is higher than 10 m/s for energy recovery mode switching, the total recovery efficiency of the whole vehicle increases to 97.273% and the SOC of the power battery increases by 0.14%. This provides strong support for improving the driving range of electromechanical–hydraulic coupled power electric vehicles.
To address the problems of short-rangee and poor braking safety of electric vehicles, this paper proposes a master-slave electro-hydraulic hybrid passenger car drive system based on planetary gear. The system couples the electrical energy output from the electric motor with the hydraulic energy output from the electro-hydraulic pump/motor through the planetary gear. The hydraulic system is used as the auxiliary power source of the power system giving full play to the advantages of the hydraulic system and the electric system. After theoretical analysis, this paper establishes a master-slave electro-hydraulic hybrid electric vehicle (MSEHH-EV) model based on planetary gear in AMESim software. A braking energy recovery control strategy is designed with the maximum braking energy recovery efficiency as the target. Braking strength determines the switching of braking modes. Finally, comparing the certified pure electric vehicle (EV) model in AMESim, we are able to substantiate the superiority of the strategy proposed in this paper. The simulation results revealed that the battery consumption rate of the new power vehicle is reduced by 17.766%, 11.358%, and 9.427% under UDDS, NEDC, and WLTC conditions, respectively, which supports the range. At the same time, the braking distance is significantly shortened, and the maximum braking distance is shortened by 15.65 m, 21.97 m, and 21.45 m, respectively, under the three operating conditions, which improves the braking safety.
In order to solve the troubles of electric peak torque and enhance the energy efficiency of electric vehicles, a novel mechatronics-electro-hydraulic power coupling electric vehicle (MEH-PCEV) with low energy consumption is proposed. The hydraulic system and the motor are integrated into a device to simplify the structure, taking the pure electric vehicle as a reference. Simultaneously, a fuzzy logic-based optimization method is proposed for real-time adjustment of the electric torque based on the original rule control strategy. Compared with the pure electric vehicle, the proposed methods can substantially enhance energy utilization and the recovery efficiency of electric energy. Ultimately, the actual driving cycle is analyzed using data acquisition capacity, with the authentic speed as the input signal. The verification results on real-world vehicles demonstrate the consumption rate of the battery state of charge and the electric torque are improved by 7.32% and reduced by 22.24%, respectively. Moreover, this research is expected to provide a reference for the development and engineering applications of the mechatronics-electro-hydraulic coupling systems.
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