Objectives: Given the small amount of information regarding the pathological and degenerative changes of the spine, this study was carried out in order to evaluate and quantify the angular values of sagittal balance in the obese population. Methods: We measured the angles of pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic version (PV) and sacral slope (SS). Results: We evaluated 30 patients, 19 females and 11 males, in 2012, who were to be submitted tobariatric surgery. The mean age was 33 years old. The mean BMI was 41 kg/m2, the mean value for men being 43 kg/ m2 and 39 kg/m2 for women. The mean PI was 57°. The PV was 19°. The DS was 38°. The value of pelvic incidence and pelvic version was on average higher than those found in people with normal body mass index. Regarding the sacral slope the value were the same of those of the normal population. Conclusions: Increasingly the sagittal balance has gained importance in the evaluation of the spine. It is necessary further literature and increasing medical knowledge of diseases and comorbidities that may alter sagittal balance in patients, such as obesity.Keywords: Obesity; Postural balance; Posture; Pelvis; Body mass index. RESUMO Objetivo: Tendo em vista a pouca quantidade de informações a respeito das alterações degenerativas e patológicas da coluna vertebral realizou-se este estudo com objetivo de avaliar e quantificar os valores angulares do equilíbrio sagital na população obesa. Métodos: Foram medidos os ângulos de incidência pélvica (IP), versão pélvica (VP) e declive sacral (DS
Spondylodiscitis due to Candida is a rare complication from hematogenic dissemination of infection caused by this fungus. We present an atypical case of spondylodiscitis caused by this germ that occurred after chest contusion and progressed with necrotizing fasciitis of the anterior region of the chest and osteomyelitis of the sternum. Through contiguity, it also affected the upper thoracic spine. The patient evolved with neurological alterations and recovered satisfactorily after appropriate treatment with surgical decompression of the spinal cord and specific antibiotic therapy.
Spondylodiscitis affecting the cervical spine is the most unusual type. Disease progression can be dramatic, even causing quadriplegia and death. We present an unusual case that progressed with osteolytic lesions between C2 and C3, causing cord compression and epidural abscess. The patient was treated surgically by a double approach and improved without neurological deficits and with better inflammatory markers. We reviewed the current literature on the subject.
Objective To develop a predictive model of early postoperative morbidity and mortality with the purpose of assisting in the selection of the candidates for spinal metastasis surgery. Methods A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients operated for metastatic spinal disease. The possible prognostic preoperative characteristics were gender, age, comorbidities, tumor growth rate, and leukocyte and lymphocyte count in the peripheral blood. The postoperative outcomes were 30-day mortality, 90-day mortality and presence of complications. A predictive model was developed based on factors independently associated with these three outcomes. The final model was then tested for the tendency to predict adverse events, discrimination capacity and calibration. Results A total of 205 patients were surgically treated between 2002 and 2015. The rates of the 30-day mortality, 90-day mortality and presence of complications were of 17%, 42% and 31% respectively. The factors independently associated with these three outcomes, which constituted the predictive model, were presence of comorbidities, no slow-growing primary tumor, and lymphocyte count below 1,000 cells/µL. Exposure to none, one, two or three factors was the criterion for the definition of the following categories of the predictive model: low, moderate, high and extreme risk respectively. Comparing the risk categories, there was a progressive increase in the occurrence of outcomes, following a linear trend. The discrimination capacity was of 72%, 73% and 70% for 30-day mortality, 90-day mortality and complications respectively. No lack of calibration occurred. Conclusion The predictive model estimates morbidity and mortality after spinal metastasis surgery and hierarchizes risks as low, moderate, high and extreme.
Como citar este artigo: Kulcheski ÁL, et al. Espondilodiscite fúngica por Candida albicans: um caso atípico e revisão da literatura. Rev Bras Ortop. 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbo.2015.04.016 No. of Pages 4 r e v b r a s o r t o p . 2 0 1 5;x x x(x x):xxx-xxx w w w . r b o . o r g . b r Relato de caso Espondilodiscite fúngica por Candida albicans: um caso atípico e revisão da literatura ଝ informações sobre o artigo Histórico do artigo: Recebido em 18 de agosto de 2014 Aceito em 14 de novembro de 2014 On-line em xxx Palavras-chave: Candida albicans Discite Doenças da coluna vertebral r e s u m o A espondilodiscite por Candida albicans é uma rara complicação da disseminação hematogênica da infecção por esse fungo. Apresentamos um caso atípico de espondilodiscite por esse germe ocorrido após trauma contuso torácico que cursou com fasceíte necrotizante da região anterior do tórax, osteomielite de esterno e, por contiguidade, afetou a coluna vertebral torácica alta. O paciente evoluiu com alteração neurológica e recuperou--se satisfatoriamente após tratamento adequado com descompressão medular cirúrgica e antibioticoterapia específica. Discitis Spinal diseases a b s t r a c t Spondylodiscitis due to Candida is a rare complication from hematogenic dissemination of infection caused by this fungus. We present an atypical case of spondylodiscitis caused by this germ that occurred after chest contusion and progressed with necrotizing fasciitis of the anterior region of the chest and osteomyelitis of the sternum. Through contiguity, it also affected the upper thoracic spine. The patient evolved with neurological alterations and recovered satisfactorily after appropriate treatment with surgical decompression of the spinal cord and specific antibiotic therapy ARTICLE IN PRESS
OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study is to compare the clinical outcome among patients who are surgically treated for lumbar disc herniation by transforaminal and interlaminar endoscopy techniques. METHODS:For the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, 31 patients were assigned to undergo the interlaminar technique and 24 patients the transforaminal technique. They were evaluated using visual analog scale and Oswestry disability index in the preoperative period, in the first postoperative period, and in the 12th month after the procedure. The clinical results between the two techniques were then compared.RESULTS: Overall, 89.1% of the patients obtained good results, with 12.5% complications in the transforaminal technique and 9.6% in the interlaminar technique.CONCLUSION: Although both the endoscopic techniques, compared in this study, are safe and effective for the surgical treatment of lumbar herniated disc, the interlaminar technique presented significantly better results and lower rates of complications than the transforaminal technique.
Scoliosis involves the central nervous system diseases, ligaments, articulations and skeletal muscles, but there is no consensus on its pathogeny and progression of muscle abnormalities. In this study, we investigate the morphologic changes in the muscle of rabbit submitted to experimental scoliosis, with special emphasis on abnormalities related to blood supply. We studied 26 rabbits subjected to costotransversectomy by pulling out six transverse processes at thoracic level and six rabbits were used as controls. All the animals operated upon developed scoliosis showing an average angle of 29.1°on the 60th day, with its apices located at T4 and T12 when they were subjected to paraspinal muscle biopsy on both sides. The muscle biopsies were subjected to histological stains and histochemical reactions, as well as to a morphometric study. On the concave side, the changes were not statistically significant regarding the control group. On the convex side conjunctive tissue proliferation, infiltration by adipose tissue, central nucleus excess, inflammatory reaction, segmental fibrosis, type 1 fiber hypertrophy, type 2 fiber hypertrophy and atrophic angular dark fibers in the unspecific esterase were statistically significant. The segmental fibrosis reached a circumscribed muscle segment, compatible with an ischemic phenomenon. The histological diagnoses on the concave side of the animals had unspecific alterations (atrophy and hypertrophy) in 13, myopathy in 3, denervation in 3 and normal in 7. The convex side diagnoses were myopathy in 14, denervation in 8, mixed in 3 and normal in 1. The procedure determined morphologic changes on the convex side indicating possible denervation or myopathy of ischemic origin.
OBJETIVO: avaliar a correção da cifose, da altura do corpo vertebral e da redução dos fragmentos retropulsados nas fraturas toracolombares tipo explosão por ligamentotaxia. MÉTODOS: estudo retrospectivo avaliando um total de 238 pacientes com fraturas toracolombares tipo explosão do grupo A3 pela classificação de Magerl et al., dos quais 63 deles elegíveis para a pesquisa. Todos foram tratados com fixador interno pedicular e tinham imagens radiográficas e tomográficas pré e pós-operatórias. RESULTADOS: No estudo, foi constatada, no pós-operatório imediato, uma correção da cifose vertebral no local da fratura de 87%, com correção de 51% na altura do corpo vertebral e redução de 40% dos fragmentos retropulsados intracanal. CONCLUSÕES: o uso de fixador interno por via posterior permite, ao realizar ligamentotaxia, a restauração da altura do corpo vertebral fraturado, do alinhamento sagital da coluna e descompressão do canal espinhal, minimizando as comorbidades em relação à cirurgia pela via anterior e à laminectomia para descompressão do canal.
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