A model of the relationship between feedback obstruction and employee turnover intent is proposed and tested. Eighty-nine pharmaceutical sales representatives completed questionnaires measuring the value of feedback, feedback obstruction across five sources of information, anxiety, (dis)satisfaction, and turnover intent. Results demonstrate that the obstruction of several feedback sources is significantly correlated with anxiety, (dis)satisfaction, and turnover intentions. A regression analysis reveals that self- and supervisory feedback obstruction bear the strongest relationships to turnover intent. Interestingly, the self-feedback obstruction relationship is not in the predicted direction.
H. Hendrickx, J. De Houwer, F. Baeyens, P. Eelen, and E. Van Avermaet (1997) reported a series of (mostly unsuccessful) studies on nonconscious hidden covariation detection (HCD); for example, they reported that out of 3 attempts to replicate P. Lewicki et al.'s studies, only 1 produced the expected results. They concluded that HCD may be not as general and robust as the previous research suggested, and they considered boundary conditions. In this article, the authors discuss a number of weaknesses of H. Hendrickx et al.'s experiments (and systematic deviations from the original methodology) that are potentially responsible for the lack of the expected results and discuss missing facts in their arguments (e.g., they failed to mention any published replications of the HCD studies from other than the present authors' laboratories). It is argued that when all evidence is considered, the proper conclusion is that nonconscious processing of covariations is not only general and robust but also a ubiquitous phenomenon mediating a variety of processes of acquisition of information.
This is a collection of essays that interpret, examine critically, and extend Kant's moral and political thought on several important topics. The aim is to understand Kant, to address serious objections to his positions, and to explore ways in which contemporary Kantian theory can be fruitfully developed.
The first two essays concern fundamental elements of a Kantian theory: the type of theory it is, the ways in which it is (and is not) pluralistic, and the framework for moral deliberation that it proposes. The next three essays focus on basic respect for humanity: its implications regarding cultural diversity, the grounds for extending basic respect to all persons regardless of their offences, and reasons for treating basic respect as a guide and constraint on deliberation about moral principles rather than a source of rigoristic moral principles. The remaining five essays address recurring questions about social issues: responsibility for the consequences of one's wrongdoing, the justification of punishment, political violence, liberalism's grounds for the legitimacy of state coercion, and the conflict between conscience and authority.
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