Background and objectives: There are several ways to assess patient satisfaction, as it is a standard indicator of the quality of care provided. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the abbreviation of fasting with 200 ml CHO, the intake of the same beverage in the PACU, the return to oral feeding in the ward, and postoperative analgesia can improve comfort and satisfaction with anesthesia in elderly patients. with hip and femur fracture. Methods: A retrospective trial carried out in a Brazilian public health hospital (SUS), with 1,001 patients physical status ASA I-III submitted to hip and femur fracture surgery. The following items were evaluated: preoperative fasting time, evaluation of thirst and hunger upon arrival in the operating room, time of CHO administration in the PACU, time of reintroduction of oral feeding in the ward, and at this moment, the degree of satisfaction with the anesthetic conduct, abbreviation of fasting and early feeding. A satisfaction assessment was performed with YES and NO answers regarding the pre-anesthetic visit, the fasting abbreviation, the use of CHO in PACU, refeeding in the ward, and postoperative analgesia. Family members were also asked to return immediately to the ward, without intravenous hydration and without going through the ICU. Results: All patients had the fasting abbreviation between 1:20 h and 4:00 h. None of the 1,001 patients reported being thirsty when they arrived in the operating room, against only 26 patients reporting being hungry. The time of administration of dextrinomaltose in PACU ranged from 20 minutes to 5:45 h, and the reintroduction of oral feeding in the ward ranged from 4 h to 8:15 h. Analgesia with lumbar plexus block with a neurostimulator and levobupivacaine before or after providing mean analgesia of 22±4 h, with a minimum time of 13 h and a maximum of 34 h. All patients were able to be discharged from the hospital on the second postoperative day. Conclusion: This study with 1,001 patients clearly shows that in hospitalized elderly, the liberal use of CHO before surgery and immediately in PACU, and better quality analgesia is an easy and practical way to increase patient comfort and satisfaction with anesthesia care and with better outcomes.
Background: The WHO considers elderly as an individual who is ≥ 60 y of age, and there are ≥ 37.7 million elderly people. In 2006, the ACERTO Project (Acceleration of Total Post-Operative Recovery) was introduced in Brazil in colorectal surgeries, and in elderly orthopedic femur fractures in 2010, with primary objective for the patient to early return to independent life. The objective of this descriptive study is to evaluate the clinical results 870 elderly patients undergoing surgical treatment of femoral fractures in ten years (2010-2019) after employing the perioperative acceleration protocol. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional, prospective study in patients ≥ 60 y, of both genders, undergoing corrective hip fracture for ten years at a hospital covered by the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS). The data regarding preoperative condition of the patients, fasting status, mode of anesthesia, drugs used, intra-operatively measured variables and immediate post-operative variables measured in the PACU, quality of lumbar plexus block analgesia, presence of delirium in the first day of postoperative was obtained from the study protocol. The deaths during the first postoperative month were noted. Results: A total of 829 patients underwent surgery for a fracture of the hip, under spinal anesthesia, of whom 583 were women and 246 were men. The average hospital stay was 10.2 ± 7.1 days, and it was associated with the age. The mean fasting time was 2:50 ± 0:32 h. The dose of isobaric bupivacaine was 9.62 ± 1:85 mg. The cephalad spread varied from T12 to T5. The duration of the spinal block was 2:50 ± 0:38 h, the time for the use of dextrinomaltose in PACU was 1:39 ± 0:47 h, the time in the PACU was 2:03 ± 0:46 h and the time to reintroduce normal meals was 6:18 ± 1:02 h. Arterial hypotension occurred in 36 (4.3%) patients, bradycardia in 4 (0.4%), and delirium in 16 patients. Eleven (1.3%) patients were sent to the ICU due to surgical problems. There were no deaths directly related to anesthesia or surgery. Conclusion: The implementation of the ACERTO Project in 829 patients with femur fracture of the Brazilian Public Health System, showed favorable results regarding length of stay, patient satisfaction, decreased use of bladder tube and drains, and referral to ICU, with early discharge to residence. Citation: Imbelloni LE, Teixeira DMP, Lima U, Ventura TB, Lacerda S, Brasileiro, Barbosa R, Sales MBL, Duarte M, Filho GBDM. Accelerated operative recovery in elderly patients with femoral fractures: Our experience of ten years with 870 patients. Anaesth. pain intensive care 2022;26(5):608-615; DOI: 10.35975/apic.v26i5.1992
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