Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) have been used for various applications such as aerospace, automobiles, and sporting goods due to their superior properties, and the demand for through-hole drilling of CFRP is increasing. A novel hybrid helical milling technique applying ultrasonic vibration and cryogenic tool cooling method is proposed in this paper, as an effective machining method for CFRP. To investigate the effects of ultrasonic-vibration-assisted machining and cryogenic tool cooling method, cutting performance evaluations based on thrust force, machining accuracy, and tool wear were conducted in this study. The results of the cutting tests clearly indicated that the proposed cutting method provides reductions in thrust force, and suppresses delamination at the machined surface.
CFRP (Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic) is widely used for airplane, automobile and general machinery because of its high specific strength. CFRTP (Carbon Fiber Reinforced ThermoPlastic) is especially attracting the attention of the viewpoint of recycling and molding speed. In machining of CFRTP, softening of matrix resin causes burrs due to high cutting temperature. In this study, side milling tests are carried out by changing cooling condition (Dry/Cryogenic). Liquid nitrogen (LN 2) is used as coolant for cryogenic machining. Cutting temperature, cutting force, surface integrity and tool wear are examined. The cutting temperature of dry condition and cryogenic condition shows 51.2°C and-172.9°C, respectively. The cutting temperature of dry condition is higher than the glass transition point of matrix resin (PA66). It is thought that softening of matrix resin occurs under dry condition. The employment of cryogenic milling effectively suppresses burrs. It is also pointed out that the tool wear is larger than that in dry milling. It is thought that the elastic module of matrix resin influence the occurrence of burrs. In order to examine elastic module of matrix resin (PA66) by changing cooling condition (Room temperature/LN 2), the indentation test are carried out on machining center. The elastic module of matrix resin in cryogenic condition is higher than that in room temperature. It is shown that the occurrence of burrs is related to elastic module.
Inconel 625® contained Ni 61%, Cr 21.5%, Mo 9% and so on is one of the nickel base super heat resistant alloys and is used for parts in food machine. The nickel base alloys are generally difficult-to-cut materials because of high thermal resistance, high work-hardening, high chemical activity and low thermal conductivity. In tapping, furthermore, the tool failure such as chippings, cracks and tool fractures has been frequently observed owing to low rigidity of tool. This paper deals with the influences of surface treatment, tool geometry etc. on the cutting phenomena such as the tool failure, the cutting force and so on when tapping Inconel 625® using the high speed steel tool. The damage of oxidizing tool is slower than that of nitriding tool. The large thrust force in backward tapping causes the rapid tool fractures. The smaller helix angle leads to the lower thrust force in backward tapping.
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