-The objectives of this study were to assess the concentrations of available phosphorus (P) extracted using the Mehlich-1 (M1), ion exchange resin (IER) and modified Morgan (MM) methods after 36 months of experimentation with the application of phosphates in a crop-livestock integration system (CLIS). Moreover, this study aimed to assess which extraction method provides the best correlation of P concentrations with the maize crop attributes. The treatments consisted of applying annual doses of P 2 O 5 on the soil surface of the total area during the sowing of winter forage crops in the form of triple superphosphate (TSP), rock phosphate (RP) or magnesium thermophosphate (MTP). After 36 months of experimentation, soil samples were collected from the 0-5, 5-10, 10-15 and 15-20 cm layers to assess the concentrations of available P. The dry matter yield (DMY), the grain yield (GY), the accumulation of phosphorus in the dry matter (P-DM) and the export of phosphorus (P-Ex) were quantified in maize. The IER method extracted greater amounts of available P, followed by the M1 and MM extractions. The treatments that included the application of TSP and either the M1 or IER extractions had similar efficacies when correlated with the DMY, GY, P-DM and P-Ex attributes of maize. The P extracted by the IER was most correlated with P-DM and P-Ex for the water-insoluble P sources (RP and MTP). The MM solution was ineffective at predicting the availability of P for maize grown in a soil with that had received varying doses and sources of P applications in a CLIS. RESUMO -Os objetivos deste trabalho foram determinar as concentrações de P disponível extraído pelos métodos de Mehlich-1 (M1), Resina trocadora de íons (RTI) e Morgan Modificado (MM), após 36 meses de experimentação com aplicação de fosfatos em um sistema de integração lavoura-pecuária (SILP). Ainda, verificar qual método de extração proporciona melhor correlação com atributos da cultura do milho. O delineamento empregado foi em esquema fatorial incompleto, com quatro repetições. Foram aplicadas doses de P 2 O 5 , na superfície do solo, por ocasião da semeadura da forrageira de inverno, nas formas de superfosfato triplo (SFT), fosfato natural reativo (FNR) e termofosfato magnesiano (TFM). Após 36 meses, procederam-se coletas de solos das camadas de 0-5; 5-10; 10-15; 15-20 cm, visando determinar as concentrações de P disponível. Na cultura do milho foram quantificados o rendimento de massa seca (RMS), o rendimento de grãos (RG), o acúmulo de fósforo na massa seca (P-MS) e a exportação de fósforo (P-Ex). A RTI extraiu maiores quantidades de P disponível, seguida do extrator de M1 e do MM. Nos tratamentos que receberam aplicação de SFT, os extratores de M1 e RTI obtiveram eficiência semelhante quando correlacionados com os atributos de RMS, RG, P-MS e P-Ex do milho. Para as fontes insolúveis em água (FNR e TFM), o P extraído pela RTI melhor se correlacionou com o P-MS e o P-Ex. A solução de MM foi ineficiente para prever a biodisponibilidade de P para o milho, cul...
-The aim of this study was to assess the effects of the sources and levels of surface-applied (broadcast) phosphorus (P) when sowing the winter annual forages on phosphorus accumulation and yields of maize, soybean, black oat and annual ryegrass crops in a crop-livestock integration system over three years. (2010/11) and the accumulation of P in these crops were assessed. TSP provided the highest yield of total dry matter (TDM) and P accumulation only for black oat in the first year of cultivation. In the second year, MTP resulted in higher P accumulation than occurred with the other P sources in annual ryegrass and soybean, and both MTP and TSP provided higher P accumulation and grain export. In the third year, MTP provided a higher TDM yield and P accumulation for both the black oat and maize crops, resulting in the greatest residual effect over time.
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