Abstract-We introduce a nonlocal discrete regularization framework on weighted graphs of the arbitrary topologies for image and manifold processing. The approach considers the problem as a variational one, which consists in minimizing a weighted sum of two energy terms: a regularization one that uses a discrete weighted p-Dirichlet energy, and an approximation one. This is the discrete analogue of recent continuous Euclidean nonlocal regularization functionals. The proposed formulation leads to a family of simple and fast nonlinear processing methods based on the weighted p-Laplace operator, parameterized by the degree p of regularity, the graph structure and the graph weight function. These discrete processing methods provide a graph-based version of recently proposed semi-local or nonlocal processing methods used in image and mesh processing, such as the bilateral filter, the TV digital filter or the nonlocal means filter. It works with equal ease on regular 2D-3D images, manifolds or any data. We illustrate the abilities of the approach by applying it to various types of images, meshes, manifolds and data represented as graphs.
Abstract. This article proposes a new framework to regularize linear inverse problems using the total variation on non-local graphs. This nonlocal graph allows to adapt the penalization to the geometry of the underlying function to recover. A fast algorithm computes iteratively both the solution of the regularization process and the non-local graph adapted to this solution. We show numerical applications of this method to the resolution of image processing inverse problems such as inpainting, super-resolution and compressive sampling.
We propose a discrete regularization framework on weighted graphs of arbitrary topology, which unifies local and nonlocal processing of images, meshes, and more generally discrete data. The approach considers the problem as a variational one, which consists in minimizing a weighted sum of two energy terms: a regularization one that uses the discrete p-Dirichlet form, and an approximation one. The proposed model is parametrized by the degree p of regularity, by the graph structure and by the weight function. The minimization solution leads to a family of simple linear and nonlinear processing methods. In particular, this family includes the exact expression or the discrete version of several neighborhood filters, such as the bilateral and the nonlocal means filter. In the context of images, local and nonlocal regularizations, based on the total variation models, are the continuous analog of the proposed model. Indirectly and naturally, it provides a discrete extension of these regularization methods for any discrete data or functions.
The definition of efficient similarity or dissimilarity measures between graphs is a key problem in structural pattern recognition. This problem is nicely addressed by the graph edit distance, which constitutes one of the most flexible graph dissimilarity measure in this field. Unfortunately, the computation of an exact graph edit distance is known to be exponential in the number of nodes. In the early beginning of this decade, an efficient heuristic based on a bipartite assignment algorithm has been proposed to find efficiently a suboptimal solution. This heuristic based on an optimal matching of nodes' neighborhood provides a good approximation of the exact edit distance for graphs with a large number of different labels and a high density. Unfortunately, this heuristic works poorly on unlabeled graphs or graphs with a poor diversity of neighborhoods. In this work we propose to extend this heuristic by considering a mapping of bags of walks centered on each node of both graphs.
Because of its flexibility, intuitiveness, and expressivity, the graph edit distance (GED) is one of the most widely used distance measures for labeled graphs. Since exactly computing GED is NP-hard, over the past years, various heuristics have been proposed. They use techniques such as transformations to the linear sum assignment problem with error-correction, local search, and linear programming to approximate GED via upper or lower bounds. In this paper, we provide a systematic overview of the most important heuristics. Moreover, we empirically evaluate all compared heuristics within an integrated implementation.
Abstract. We propose a discrete regularization framework on weighted graphs of arbitrary topology, which unifies image and mesh filtering. The approach considers the problem as a variational one, which consists in minimizing a weighted sum of two energy terms: a regularization one that uses the discrete p-Laplace operator, and an approximation one. This formulation leads to a family of simple nonlinear filters, parameterized by the degree p of smoothness and by the graph weight function. Some of these filters provide a graph-based version of well-known filters used in image and mesh processing, such as the bilateral filter, the TV digital filter or the nonlocal mean filter.
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