The paper presents a fusion-tracker and pedestrian classifier for color and thermal cameras. The tracker builds a background model as a multi-modal distribution of colors and temperatures. It is constructed as a particle filter that makes a number of informed reversible transformations to sample the model probability space in order to maximize posterior probability of the scene model. Observation likelihoods of moving objects account their 3D locations with respect to the camera and occlusions by other tracked objects as well as static obstacles. After capturing the coordinates and dimensions of moving objects we apply a pedestrian classifier based on periodic gait analysis. To separate humans from other moving objects, such as cars, we detect,in human gait, a symmetrical double helical pattern, that can then be analyzed using the Frieze Group theory. The results of tracking on color and thermal sequences demonstrate that our algorithm is robust to illumination noise and performs well in the outdoor environments.
We describe two advanced video analysis techniques, including video-indexed by voice annotations (VIVA) and multi-media indexing and explorer (MINER). VIVA utilizes analyst call-outs (ACOs) in the form of chat messages (voice-to-text) to associate labels with video target tracks, to designate spatial-temporal activity boundaries and to augment video tracking in challenging scenarios. Challenging scenarios include low-resolution sensors, moving targets and target trajectories obscured by natural and man-made clutter. MINER includes: (1) a fusion of graphical track and text data using probabilistic methods; (2) an activity pattern learning framework to support querying an index of activities of interest (AOIs) and targets of interest (TOIs) by movement type and geolocation; and (3) a user interface to support streaming multi-intelligence data processing. We also present an activity pattern learning framework that uses the multi-source associated data as training to index a large archive of full-motion videos (FMV). VIVA and MINER examples are demonstrated for wide aerial/overhead imagery over common data sets affording an improvement in tracking from video data alone, leading to 84% detection with modest misdetection/false alarm results due to the complexity of the scenario. The novel use of ACOs and chat messages in video tracking paves the way for user interaction, correction and preparation of situation awareness reports.
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