Resumo: As Lesões por Esforço Repetitivo/Distúrbios Osteomusculares Relacionados ao Trabalho (LER/DORT) são uma síndrome cujo diagnóstico é complexo. O objetivo deste artigo foi comparar os sintomas osteomusculares entre os bancários que afirmaram já terem sido diagnosticados por LER/DORT com aqueles que afirmaram nunca terem sido diagnosticados por algum médico, analisando as diferenças com relação aos fatores sociodemográficos. Participaram da pesquisa 220 bancários do estado da Bahia, dos quais, 91 apresentaram apenas sintomas osteomusculares e outros 91, além dos sintomas, também relataram o diagnóstico de LER/DORT. Apenas 38 não relataram qualquer distúrbio osteomuscular. Os que possuem diagnóstico de LER/DORT são os que mais sentem sintomas osteomusculares. Com maior média de idade, menor escolaridade e maior predominância do sexo feminino, os diagnosticados apresentaram sintomas de DORT há mais tempo, mais severos e com maior frequência. Este artigo contribui para a descrição da sintomatologia do fenômeno LER/DORT. Palavras-chave: LER/DORT, Dor, Saúde Ocupacional. The Symptoms of RSI/WMSD: a Comparative Study among Bahia's Banks Clerk with and without DiagnosisAbstract: Repetitive Strain Injuries / Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (RSI / WMSD) are a syndrome whose diagnosis is complex. This paper aims at comparing the musculoskeletal symptoms among the bank clerks that reported having been diagnosed by RSI / WMSDs, with those who have never been diagnosed by a doctor, analyzing the differences concerning sociodemographic factors. The participants were 220 bank clerks of the State of Bahia-Brazil, of which only 91 had shown musculoskeletal symptoms and other 91 who, in addition to the symptoms, also reported the diagnosis of RSI / WMSDs. Only 38 did not report any musculoskeletal disorder. Those with a diagnosis of RSI / WMSDs are the ones who experienced more musculoskeletal symptoms. As the age average goes higher combined with lower educational levels and leading prevalence of females, those who were diagnosed had symptoms of WMSDs for longer; severely and more often. This article contributes to describe the symptoms of the RSI / WMSDs phenomenon.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The measurement of pain and discomfort from work-related musculoskeletal disorders is a conceptual and empirical challenge, considering the cognitive and subjective processes involved in the evaluation of somatic symptoms. The objective of this study was to construct a work-related musculoskeletal disorders index to evaluate musculoskeletal discomfort in workers with and without repetitive strain injuries/work-related musculoskeletal disorders, a syndrome that affects thousands of workers every year. METHODS: The sample was composed of 182 bank clerks from the State of Bahia, 91 of whom were diagnosed with the syndrome. RESULTS: The work-related musculoskeletal disorders index had a frequency distribution similar to the normal curve, with averages of 7.1 and 4.1 for the groups with and without a diagnosis, respectively. CONCLUSION: In addition to the adequate psychometric properties, the proposed index was able to differentiate, satisfactorily, workers with and without a diagnosis of repetitive strain injuries/work-related musculoskeletal disorders.
O mundo está em plena efervescência. Paradigmas científicos são rompidos, o desemprego aumenta, as pessoas adoecem no trabalho, mudam de carreira, enfim, vão se estruturando e sendo impactadas por estes novos processos produtivos. O objetivo do presente trabalho é discutir esses novos desafios postos à Psicologia por esse contexto de mudanças.
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