Encryption systems have been developed for image viewing applications using the Hill Cipher algorithm. This study aims to evaluate the image encryption quality of the Hill Cipher algorithm. Several traditional metrics are used to evaluate the quality of the encryption scheme. Three of such metrics have been selected for this study. These include, the Colour Histogram, the Maximum Deviation (comparing the original image) and the Entropy Analysis of the encrypted image. Encryption quality results from all three schemes using a variety of images show that a plain Hill Cipher approach gives a good result for all kinds of images but is more suited for colour dense images.
Distributed wireless sensor networks are a new technology that can provide processed real-time field data from sensors that are physically distributed in the field. This study describes a wireless distributed sensor network that gives precision rainfall detection and measurement. Rain fall measurements can be done using a variety of means. One of such means is using a Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Mechanism. In order to accomplish this, sensor nodes consisting of water level sensors and a wireless transceiver which transmits measured data is attached to the rain gauge. The measured data or signal from the rain gauge is transmitted to a receiver or collector point. The collector point is connected to a computer system (central station). Data retrieved is then displayed by the means of a GUI created customarily for it at the central station. The result of the research work shows a significant accuracy in the rain fall measurement recorded.
The ubiquitous Automatic Teller Machine that revolutionized the way monetary transactions are carried out the world over is currently riddled with several security challenges. Top on the list of these challenges are the thefts and frauds associated with the ever popular Personal Identification Number based automatic teller machines. A lot of suggestions and proposals have been made in recent times, on how to combat the menace of automatic teller machine frauds. Biometrics is one of the most promising tools that have the capacity to put the nefarious activities around automatic teller machines in check. This paper proposes a cheap and economic iris biometric based automatic teller machine, built around a microcontroller, iris scanner and a robust database. The designed and implemented prototype is capable of checkmating automatic teller machine fraud and it is also easy to implement in developing nations. Keywords Biometric Automatic teller machine Iris recognition AuthenticationThis is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. NotesGoogle Scholar 21.Etinosa N-O, Okereke C, Robert O, Okesola OJ, Okokpujie KO (2017) Design and implementation of an iris biometric door access control system. In: Computational science and computational intelligence (CSCI), 2017, Las Vegas, USA Google ScholarCopyright information
Abstract-The ever-growing need for high data rate, bandwidth efficiency, reliability, less complexity and less power consumption in our communication systems is on the increase. Modern techniques have to be developed and put in place to meet these requirements. Research has shown, that compared to conventional Single Input Single Output (SISO) systems, MultipleInput Single Output (MISO), and Multiple-Input MultipleOutput (MIMO) can actually increase the data rate of a communication system, without actually requiring more transmit power or bandwidth. This paper aims at the investigation of the existing channel estimation techniques. Based on the pilot arrangement, the block type and comb type are compared, employing the Least Square estimation (L.S) and Minimum Mean Squared Error (MMSE) estimators. Pilots occupy bandwidth, minimizing the number of pilots used to estimate the channel, in order to allow for more bandwidth utilization for data transmission, without compromising the accuracy of the estimates is taken into consideration. Various channel interpolation techniques and pilot-data insertion ratio are investigated, simulated and compared, to determine the best performance technique with less complexity and minimum power consumption. As performance measures, the Mean Squared Error (MSE) and Bit Error Rate (BER) as a function of Signal to Noise power Ratio (SNR) of the different channel estimation techniques are plotted, in order to identify the technique with the most optimal performance. The complexity and energy efficiency of the techniques are also investigated. The system modelling and simulations are carried out using Matlab simulation package. The MIMO gives the optimum performance, followed by the MISO and SISO. This is as a result of the diversity and multiplexing gain experienced in the multiple antenna techniques using the STBC.Keywords-Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), Multipleinput Single output (MISO), Single input Single output (SISO), Least Square estimation (L.S), Minimum Mean Squared Error (MMSE) estimators, Mean squared error (MSE) and Bit error rate (BER)
<p>Increasing requirements for scalability and elasticity of data storage for web applications has made Not Structured Query Language NoSQL databases more invaluable to web developers. One of such NoSQL Database solutions is Redis. A budding alternative to Redis database is the SSDB database, which is also a key-value store but is disk-based. The aim of this research work is to benchmark both databases (Redis and SSDB) using the Yahoo Cloud Serving Benchmark (YCSB). YCSB is a platform that has been used to compare and benchmark similar NoSQL database systems. Both databases were given variable workloads to identify the throughput of all given operations. The results obtained shows that SSDB gives a better throughput for majority of operations to Redis’s performance.</p>
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