Osteoblasts respond to mechanical signals which play a key role in the formation of bone however, after extended periods of stimulation they become desensitised. Mechanosensitivity has been shown to be restored by the introduction of resting periods between loadings. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of rest periods on the response of osteoblast-like cells seeded on collagen-glycosaminoglycan (CG) scaffolds in a flow perfusion bioreactor up to 14 days. Short (10 s) and long (7 h) term rests were incorporated into stimulation patterns. Constructs cultured in the bioreactor had a more homogenous cell distribution albeit with lower cell numbers than the static group. Osteopontin expression was significantly higher on the rest-inserted group than on the steady flow and static control. These results indicate that the insertion of short term rests during flow improves cellular distribution and osteogenic responses on CG constructs cultured in a flow perfusion bioreactor.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.