Abstract. In the last few years, the data mining community has proposed a number of objective rule interestingness measures to select the most interesting rules, out of a large set of discovered rules. However, it should be recalled that objective measures are just an estimate of the true degree of interestingness of a rule to the user, the so-called real human interest. The latter is inherently subjective. Hence, it is not clear how effective, in practice, objective measures are. More precisely, the central question investigated in this paper is: "how effective objective rule interestingness measures are, in the sense of being a good estimate of the true, subjective degree of interestingness of a rule to the user?" This question is investigated by extensive experiments with 11 objective rule interestingness measures across eight real-world data sets.
The southeastern coast of Brazil is frequently affected by meteorological disturbances such as cold fronts, which are sometimes associated with intense extratropical cyclones. These disturbances cause oscillations on the sea surface, generating low-frequency motions. The relationship of these meteorologically driven forces in low frequency to the storm-surge event is investigated in this work. A method to predict coastal sea level variations related to meteorological events that use a neural network model (NNM) is presented here. Pressure and wind values from NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data and tide gauge time series from the Cananéia reference station in São Paulo State, Brazil, were used to analyze the relationship between these variables and to use them as input to the model. Meteorological influences in the sea level fluctuations can be verified by filtering the astronomical tide frequencies for periods lower than tidal cycles (periods higher than 24 h). Thus, a low-pass filter was applied in the tide gauge and meteorological time series for periods lower than tides to identify more readily the interactions between coastal sea level response and atmospheric-driven forces. Statistical analyses on time and frequency domain were used. Maxima correlations and coherence between the low-frequency sea level and meteorological series could be defined using the time lag of the NNM input variables. The model was tested for 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-hourly forecasts, and the results were compared with filtered sea level values. The results show that this model is able to capture the effects of atmospheric and oceanic interactions. It can be considered to be an efficient model for predicting the nontidal residuals and can effectively complement the standard constant harmonic analysis model. A case study of a storm that impacted coastal areas of southeastern Brazil in March 1998 was analyzed and indicates that the neural network model can be effectively utilized in the Cananéia region.
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