Computed Tomography (CT) is an efficient and non-invasive method to obtain data about internal structures of the human body. CT scans contribute with the highest absorbed doses in population due X-ray beam attenuation and it has raised concern in radiosensitive tissues. Techniques for the optimization of CT scanning protocols in diagnostic services have been developing with the objective of decreasing the absorbed dose in patient, aiming image quality within acceptable parameters for diagnosis by noise control. Routine head scans were performed using GE CT scan of 64 channels programmed with automatic exposure control and voltages of 80, 100 and 120 kV attaching the noise index in approximately 0.5%, using the tool of smart mA. Radiochromic film strips were placed into an anthropomorphic adult male phantom to measure the absorbed dose deposited in areas such as lens, thyroid and pituitary gland for study of dose deposited in these important areas containing radiosensitive tissues. Different head scans were performed using optimized values of mA.s for the different voltages. The absorbed dose measured by the film strips were in the range of the 0.58 and 44.36 mGy. The analysis of noise in the images is within the acceptable levels for diagnosis, and the optimized protocol happens with the voltage of 100 kV. The use of other voltage values can allow obtain better protocols for head scans.
The increasing demand for CT scans in pediatric patients is mainly due to the high rates of traumatic injuries from car accidents, falls on bicycles, blunt trauma, traumatic brain injury, as well as a significant increase in the incidence of childhood neoplasms, being the CT images used in the diagnostic process. Therefore,
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