Intellectual and scientific content of the study, protocol design, provision of guidelines for surgical intervention, supervision of all phases of the study, manuscript writing, critical revision.
ABSTRACT PURPOSE:To evaluate the effects of vitamin K1 on wound healing in the left colon of rats with experimental biliary obstruction.
METHODS:Sixteen male rats, divided into four groups of four animals each (L, M, LK, and MK), underwent colostomy followed by bowel suture in the left colon. Seven days before, animals in the L and LK groups had undergone common bile duct ligation. The animals in groups MK and LK received vitamin K1 supplementation. On day 7 after bowel suture, repeat laparotomy was performed for evaluation of colonic healing by burst pressure measurement and collection of samples for histopathological analysis. Changes in body weight were evaluated in the four groups.
RESULTS:Weight loss was lower in animals supplemented with vitamin K. No significant differences were observed in burst pressure among the four groups (p>0.05). Histological analysis showed more hemorrhage and congestion in the biliary obstruction groups.Supplemented animals exhibited increased collagen formation and less edema and abscess formation.
CONCLUSION:Vitamin K supplementation attenuated weight loss and improved colonic wound healing in rats.
Purpose Controlled ovarian stimulation is a fundamental part of a successful assisted reproduction treatment, and recognizing patients at risk of a poor response allows the development of targeted research to propose new treatment strategies for this specific group. The objective of this systematic review was to determine risk factors for poor ovarian response (POR) to controlled stimulation in assisted reproduction cycles described in the literature. Methods The primary databases MEDLINE, Cochrane, LILACS, and SciELO were consulted, using specific terms with a restriction for articles in English or Portuguese published in the last 10 years. Results and conclusion Our data suggest that environmental endocrine disruptors, tobacco, genetic mutations, endometriomas, ovarian surgery, chemotherapy, and short menstrual cycles are factors that influence stimulation in assisted reproduction cycles. Further studies are necessary for characterizing patients with prior risk factors.
Intellectual and scientific content of the study, designed the protocol, provided guidelines for the surgical interventions, supervised all phases of the study, manuscript writing, critical revision.
ABSTRACT PURPOSE:To evaluate the influence of glutamine and obstructive jaundice on left colon healing in rats.
METHODS:Sixteen male rats were allocated across four groups: LG -Common bile duct ligation followed by colotomy and bowel suture on postoperative day 7. Supplementation with glutamine 2% from day 4 after duct ligation until euthanasia. L -Common bile duct ligation followed by colotomy and bowel suture on postoperative day 7. No glutamine supplementation. M -Common bile duct manipulation followed by colotomy and bowel suture on postoperative day 7. No glutamine supplementation. MG -Common bile duct manipulation followed by colotomy and bowel suture on postoperative day 7. Supplementation with glutamine 2% from day 4 after duct manipulation until euthanasia. On the day of euthanasia, bursting pressure of the sutured bowel segment was measured and samples were collected for histopathological analysis.
RESULTS:There were no differences in bursting pressure among groups : LG vs. M (110 ± 28 vs. 173 ± 12; p = 0.08). Groups L and MG were not different from group M (156 ± 12 and 118 ± 22. Glutamine supplementation was associated with less edema, polymorphonuclear lymphocyte infiltration, bacterial colonies, and abscess formation, as well as with increased collagen formation.
CONCLUSION:Obstructive jaundice had no negative effect and glutamine supplementation had no positive effect on colonic scar strength in rats.
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