A transition for a green economy has encouraged companies to use new tools which promote internal corporate entrepreneurship, increase the competitiveness and achieve sustainable results. This article presented a theoretical discussion of how the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) can presents as an entrepreneurial tool for modern business management and green innovation. Studies of LCA were analyzed showing benefits and applications in the areas of strategic planning, production, process of development of products, search and development, social and environmental responsibility, and marketing. As for green innovations, there were analyzed studies of innovations in products, processes and services. The tool assists in making sustainable decisions, fortifies the management of the business processes, the management of operations and the promotion of greener innovations
The aim of this paper is to determine the existence of gaps in the literature, by investigating studies that statistically analyzed the relationship between sustainable development and economic performance. A literature review was conducted in the Web of Science and Scopus databases. The study analyzed the authors, publication years, journals involved, methodologies used, and results obtained. The identified gaps and opportunities were (a) opportunity to create or employ different measurements for financial, social, and environmental performance and (b) to use different kinds of control or moderating variables, in order to further explore the relationship between sustainable development and financial performance.
Currently, atmospheric emissions coming from industry and means of transportation are expanding at a fast pace across the globe. This study aims to measure the carbon footprint of the Federal University of Technology -Paraná (UTFPR) Ponta Grossa Campus, in terms of the means of transportation used by instructors and students on their commutes between their homes and the university. A survey was applied within the academic community to obtain transportation data. Data were generated using the Umberto NXT Universal software, along with a life-cycle assessment analysis, using the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards ISO 14040, 14044, and the Ecoinvent 3 database. The results show that 90.67% of instructors travel to the university in their cars, which contributes to a high carbon footprint potential; that is, an emission of 51.91 kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent (kg CO 2equiv. ) per month per instructor. For students, the emission is 6.97 kg CO 2equiv. into the atmosphere per month per individual for those students who use the bus, as 63.32% of the university's students use public transportation to get around. In this way, the study provides a lesson regarding the environmental impact of the academic community, and it generates knowledge and aims at a more sustainable future by reducing environmental impacts through the means of transport that people choose to use.
K E Y W O R D SBrazil, carbon offset, CO 2 emissions, life-cycle assessment, sustainable transport, sustainable university
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