The aim of present study was to determine the changes of sodium, potassium, chloride, copper, and zinc in serum of Nili-Ravi buffalo during pregnancy and lactation. The study was carried out on 25 Nili-Ravi buffaloes during March 2008 to February 2009 at Buffalo Research Institute, Pattoki, District Kasur. Blood samples were taken from each buffalo during early pregnancy (Phase EP), i.e., between 1 and 3 months gestation, mid pregnancy (Phase MP), i.e., between 4 and 6 months gestation, late pregnancy (Phase LP), i.e., between 7 and 10 months gestation, and during lactation (Phase LT). Serum sodium, potassium, and chloride were determined on a clinical chemistry analyzer whereas copper and zinc were determined on an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The mean serum sodium, potassium, and chloride concentrations varied non-significantly (P > 0.05) during pregnancy and lactation. With advancing pregnancy, copper increased and was significantly high (P < 0.05) during late pregnancy whereas during lactation copper concentrations dropped significantly (P < 0.05). The zinc concentrations increased non-significantly during early and mid pregnancy. There were significant differences (P < 0.05) in zinc concentrations during lactation compared with late pregnancy. This study demonstrates that concentrations of serum sodium, potassium, and chloride remain unchanged during pregnancy and lactation whereas serum copper concentrations increased and zinc concentrations decreased with advancing pregnancy because of the demand of the fetus at different periods of pregnancy.
Effects of two maturation media with and without the addition of oestrus buffalo serum (OBS) and hormones (FSH, LH, E2) on the maturation rate of buffalo follicular oocytes were evaluated. The results revealed a signifi cant (P < 0.05) increase in the maturation rate when the OBS and hormones were added to TCM-199 than in Ham's F-12 medium. The percentage of maturation rates in TCM-199 + hormones + OBS, 55.17, 62.28 and 26.62
Reproduction, Bubalus bubalis, TCM-199, Ham's F-12, FSH, LH, E2Riverine buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) are hardy dairy animals, resistant to climate, stress and diseases. However, problems like delayed onset of reproductive maturity, seasonality of breeding, long calving interval, latent oestrus, low number of primordial follicles and poor superovulatory response have been attributed to poor reproductive performance of this species (Nandi et al. 2002).In vitro maturation (IVM) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures performed on oocytes obtained from slaughter-house derived ovaries have recently provided a practical means for producing large number of bovine zygotes at low cost for research and commercial settings (Hansen 2006). Application of this technology in assisted reproduction of buffalo will not only improve productive and reproductive potential of the buffalo population but will also help rescue the precious germ plasma going to waste by indiscriminate slaughter of this animal.The acquisition of more insights into the buffalo culture requirements is critical to optimize the effi ciency of advanced reproductive strategies in this species. Lack of proper conditions to support in vitro culture of buffalo zygotes to a transferable stage embryo is the major impediment in the successful buffalo IVF system. The direct extrapolation of the methods from cattle to the buffalo resulted in poor fertility. Chauhan et al. (1997) reported that oocyte maturation and cleavage rates in buffalo are lower than those for cattle. There have been reports to enhance early development of in vitro produced embryos in domestic animals by addition of hormones, sera and somatic cells (Pawshe et al. 1996). To optimize in vitro embryo production of buffalo by improving the culture conditions, the present project was designed: 1) to assess the effect of addition of sera and hormones on in vitro maturation of buffalo oocytes and 2) to evaluate media in supporting fertilization of in vitro matured oocytes.
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of administration of lecirelin acetate, hCG and progesterone after AI on ovarian picture, serum progesterone concentrations and first service conception rate in cross-bred cattle. A total of 160 lactating cross bred (Friesian x Sahiwal) cattle were divided into 4 groups after AI. The groups were treated as follows: control (injected i.m with normal saline 2ml, n=40), d 7-LA (injected i.m with lecirelin acetate100 µg, n=40), d 7-hCG (injected with hCG 3300 IU, n=40) and d 7-P 4 (injected i.m with Progesterone 0.5 mg daily for 4 days, n=40) group. The hormonal treatments were given to animals on day 7 after AI. The ultrasonography and blood sampling was done before treatment and then 7 days later. All animals were examined for pregnancy through ultrasonography at 40 ± 1 day after AI. The diameter of SCL on 7 days after treatment was higher (P < 0.01) in group d 7-LA and d 7-hCG group cows as compared to control cows. In contrast, the diameter of SCL in d 7-P 4 treated cows did not differ from control cows. Formation of ACL was observed only in 50 % & 80 % cows in d 7-LA and d 7-hCG group respectively. No ACL was observed in control and d 7-P 4 cattle on day 7 after treatment. The P 4 concentrations were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in d 7-hCG treated cattle as compared to control at 7 days after treatment. As compared to 10 percent First Service Conception Rate (FSCR) in controls, an increase (P < 0.05) of 50 percent and 40 percent was observed in each treatment group (d 7-hCG & d 7-LA), non-significant (P > 0.05) difference in FSCR was observed between control and d 7-P 4 group. It was concluded that the use of hCG or LA, 7 days after AI is a beneficial tool to improve conception rate in cross-bred cattle whereas use of parental P 4 post-breeding has no effect on SCL diameter and conception rate.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.