This paper presents an open-circuit fault detection method for a grid-connected NeutralPoint Clamped (NPC) inverter system. Further, a fault-tolerant control method under an open-circuit fault in clamping diodes is proposed. Under the grid-connected condition, it is impossible to identify the location of a faulty switch by the conventional methods which usually use the distortion of outputs because the distortion of the outputs is the same in some fault cases. The proposed fault detection method identifies the location of the faulty switch and the faulty clamping diode of the NPC inverter without any additional hardware or complex calculations. In the case of the clamping diode faults, the NPC inverter can transfer full rated power with sinusoidal currents by the proposed fault-tolerant control. The feasibility of the proposed fault detection and fault-tolerant control methods for the gridconnected NPC inverter are verified by simulation and experimental results.
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