The main objective of this study was to evaluate the perception of the trainees regarding the participatory learning and action training workshop which was held at Edamer Local Implementation Unit during the period of July 17-25/2011. The participants of the training workshop were selected individuals and groups. Twenty four trainees attended the training workshop. The questionnaire was developed by the researchers and covered selected statements related to perceptions of the trainees regarding overall activities of the training program. The data was collected from the trainees at the end of the training program. Information obtained from the questionnaires analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), means and standard deviation were used as statistical methods to determine the perceptions level of the trainees.The results of the study indicated that the trainees as a group agreed that the training program was very useful and interesting. They also indicated that the trainer was very friendly, helpful and used a variety of teaching methods and field work techniques. The results also indicated that the training program covered required technical and professional competencies in participatory learning and action approach. The study produced some recommendations and strategies for improving the present and future program.
This study investigated the effect of different detergents used to clean cows' udders on the microbial content of the produced milk using twenty cows in Ajloun, a northern city in Jordan. The milking process was repeated from same cows on three successive days. On day 1, we milked the cows after cleaning their udders using water only. This was repeated on the two successive days. Thereafter, the cows were milked after cleaning their udders by a different detergent each day. The process was also repeated for three successive days for each detergent. Microbial Analysis was carried out on the collected milk samples. The results indicated that cleaning cows' udders before milking has improved the hygiene conditions and reduced the total bacterial count, total coliform, staphylococci and enterococci spp counts and the values of yeast and molds. Different detergents had different effects on the microbial counts. Finally, the effectiveness of the detergent differed according to its brand. Our findings are important to public health because milk has been a traditional food and ironically a very potent carrier of gastrointestinal infections, if contaminated.
The dairy farmers of Sudan are facing the lack of some competencies needed for improving the dairy productivity of their cattle. Therefore it is very important to study the farmers competencies in order to put plans for improving the farmers conditions and go for better productivity. The main objective of this study was to identify the competencies in dairy production of Kuku Cooperative Dairy Society (KCDS) in Khartoum State. A random sample of 81 dairy farmers was drawn from the total 162 members of KCDS. A questionnaire was carefully prepared that included a list of 8 understandings and 27 important abilities in the field of dairy production. A rating scale was provided with a 0 to 4 range of the abilities and understandings. The personal interviews with the farmers in the sample were conducted during January, 2013. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). It was concluded that the dairy farmers need more competencies in dairy production. Some competencies need more emphasis than others. The dairy farmers felt that they possessed fewer competencies in dairy production than their actual need. Farmers indicated that they need more competence in areas related to calculating net farm income, selecting sires with high proofs and high repeatability, identifying mastitis problems and treating mastitic cows, recognizing symptoms of sick animals, following the vaccination program, the proper management and the adequacy of feeding calves and herd replacements, and the identification of common parasites.
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