An isogeometric boundary element method for problems in elasticity is presented, which is based on an independent approximation for the geometry, traction and displacement field. This enables a flexible choice of refinement strategies, permits an efficient evaluation of geometry related information, a mixed collocation scheme which deals with discontinuous tractions along non-smooth boundaries and a significant reduction of the right hand side of the system of equations for common boundary conditions. All these benefits are achieved without any loss of accuracy compared to conventional isogeometric formulations. The system matrices are approximated by means of hierarchical matrices to reduce the computational complexity for large scale analysis. For the required geometrical bisection of the domain, a strategy for the evaluation of bounding boxes containing the supports of NURBS basis functions is presented. The versatility and accuracy of the proposed methodology is demonstrated by convergence studies showing optimal rates and real world examples in two and three dimensions.
We explore extended B-splines as a stable basis for isogeometric analysis with trimmed parameter spaces. The stabilization is accomplished by an appropriate substitution of Bsplines that may lead to ill-conditioned system matrices. The construction for non-uniform knot vectors is presented. The properties of extended B-splines are examined in the context of interpolation, potential, and linear elasticity problems and excellent results are attained. The analysis is performed by an isogeometric boundary element formulation using collocation. It is argued that extended B-splines provide a flexible and simple stabilization scheme which ideally suits the isogeometric paradigm.
In this work a novel method for the analysis with trimmed CAD surfaces is
presented. The method involves an additional mapping step and the attraction
stems from its sim- plicity and ease of implementation into existing Finite
Element (FEM) or Boundary Element (BEM) software. The method is first verified
with classical test examples in structural mechanics. Then two practical
applications are presented one using the FEM, the other the BEM, that show the
applicability of the method.Comment: 20 pages and 16 figure
In this work a novel approach is presented for the isogeometric Boundary Element analysis of domains that contain inclusions with different elastic properties than the ones used for computing the fundamental solutions. In addition the inclusion may exhibit inelastic material behavior. In this paper only plane stress/strain problems are considered.In our approach the geometry of the inclusion is described using NURBS basis functions. The advantage over currently used methods is that no discretization into cells is required in order to evaluate the arising volume integrals. The other difference to current approaches is that Kernels of lower singularity are used in the domain term. The implementation is verified on simple finite and infinite domain examples with various boundary conditions. Finally a practical application in geomechanics is presented.
Abstract. The direct integration of Computer Aided Geometric Design (CAGD) models into a numerical simulation improves the accuracy of the geometrical representation of the problem as well as the efficiency of the overall analysis process.In this work, the complementary features of isogeometric analysis and boundary integral equations are combined to obtain a coalescence of design and analysis which is based on a boundary-only discretization. Following the isogeometric concept, the functions used by CAGD are employed for the simulation. An independent field approximation is applied to obtain a more flexible and efficient formulation. In addition, a procedure is presented which allows a stable analysis of trimmed geometries and a straightforward positioning of collocation points.Several numerical examples demonstrate the characteristics and benefits of the proposed approach. In particular, the independent field approximation improves the computational efficiency and reduces the storage requirements without any loss of accuracy. The proposed methodology permits a seamless integration of the most common design models into an analysis of linear elasticity problems.
6526Benjamin Marussig, Jürgen Zechner, Gernot Beer, and Thomas-Peter Fries
INTRODUCTIONIsogeometric analysis aims to close the existing gap between the design process and analysis such that a simulation can be performed without generating a mesh. Consequently, the accuracy and efficiency of the overall simulation process is improved, since meshing is timeconsuming [1, 2] and introduces additional (geometrical) approximation errors. In addition, the basis functions used by design models, i.e. NURBS, provide further benefits such as high continuity [3,4].However, during the last years, it has become clear that a true integration of design and analysis is far from trivial due to several reasons: first of all, most engineering design models are based on a boundary representation (B-Rep) rather than a volume description. Secondly, three dimensional B-Rep models are usually defined by a non-conforming partition of NURBS surfaces, i.e. their mathematical parametrizations have no explicit relation to each other. Thirdly, each boundary surface is based on a tensor product structure which is a very efficient representation but has limitations due to its four sided nature. As a result, almost all NURBS based design models use trimming procedures to increase the flexibility of tensor product surfaces. This means that only a certain area of a surface is visualized while the underlying mathematical parametrization remains unchanged.In this work, a coherent framework is presented which allows a seamless integration of trimmed NURBS models into an analysis. In general, the governing equations of the problem are expressed by means of boundary integral equations which are discretized by a numerical approximation method. Here, the boundary element method (BEM) is used since it is the most versatile approach. However, it should be pointed out that other schemes like the Nyst...
In this paper the isogeometric Nyström method is presented. It's outstanding features are: it allows the analysis of domains described by many different geometrical mapping methods in computer aided geometric design and it requires only pointwise function evaluations just like isogeometric collocation methods. The analysis of the computational domain is carried out by means of boundary integral equations, therefor only the boundary representation is required. The method is thoroughly integrated into the isogeometric framework. For example, the regularization of the arising singular integrals performed with local correction as well as the interpolation of the pointwise existing results are carried out by means of Bézier elements.The presented isogeometric Nyström method is applied to practical problems solved by the Laplace and the Lamé-Navier equation. Numerical tests show higher order convergence in two and three dimensions. It is concluded that the presented approach provides a simple and flexible alternative to currently used methods for solving boundary integral equations, but has some limitations.
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