Ninety-five helminth parasite species totaling 480 records (including 60 new host and geographical records) in 21 species of wild carnivore mammals from Brazil were listed. Nineteen undetermined helminth species and 4 undetermined host species were also included. Information about the site of infection of parasites, localities, references and a host-parasite list were included herein.
Seventy-four genera comprising approximately 140 named and 75 undetermined species of adult and larval nematodes are associated with about 330 named and 50 undetermined species of marine, brackish and freshwater fishes from Brazilian waters. These are listed with information on their hosts, habitat, distribution and records. A key to these parasites at the generic level is provided.
We know that there are cross-cultural differences in psychological variables, such as individualism/collectivism. But it has not been clear which of these variables show relatively the greatest differences. The Survey of World Views project operated from the premise that such issues are best addressed in a diverse sampling of countries representing a majority of the world’s population, with a very large range of item-content. Data were collected online from 8,883 individuals (almost entirely college students based on local publicizing efforts) in 33 countries that constitute more than two third of the world’s population, using items drawn from measures of nearly 50 variables. This report focuses on the broadest patterns evident in item data. The largest differences were not in those contents most frequently emphasized in cross-cultural psychology (e.g., values, social axioms, cultural tightness), but instead in contents involving religion, regularity-norm behaviors, family roles and living arrangements, and ethnonationalism. Content not often studied cross-culturally (e.g., materialism, Machiavellianism, isms dimensions, moral foundations) demonstrated moderate-magnitude differences. Further studies are needed to refine such conclusions, but indications are that cross-cultural psychology may benefit from casting a wider net in terms of the psychological variables of focus.
Provided is a list of the protozoan parasites of freshwater and marine fishes from Brazil. This report includes informationabout the site of infection, host habitat, localities and references of 100 parasite species (1 amoeba, 70 flagellates, 13 api-complexa and 16 ciliates) distributed among 112 different host species, mainly from freshwater. It is concluded that thediversity of protozoan parasites from Brazilian fish is understudied, and it is suggested that appropriate measures be taken in the research efforts to increase studies on the diversity of Protozoans parasites of fish from Brazil.
Using available records, unpublished information retrieved from the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute (CHIOC) and published reports, a checklist of the recorded helminth parasites of endangered vertebrates from Brazil was generated. A total of 772 records and 186 helminth species (6 Acanthocephala, 83 Nematoda, 23 Cestoda, 64 Trematoda, 10 Monogenea) in 76 host species (7 Actinopterygii, 8 Chondrichthyes, 1 Amphibia, 10 Reptilia, 22 Aves, 28 Mammalia) from Brazil were listed in the present work, including 39 undetermined helminth species and 10 new host records. This is the first compilation of the helminth parasites of threatened vertebrates in Brazil and in the Neotropics.
Twenty-three genera comprising thirty-four named and thirteen undetermined species of acanthocephalans are associated with one hundred and nineteen marine, brackish and freshwater fish species from Brazil. These are listed, with information on their hosts, habitat, distribution and records. A key to these parasites at the generic level is provided.
necropsied to study their metazoan parasites. Ali specimens of C. hippos were parasi ti zed, and the majority of specimens of C. la/us (96.4%) were paras itized by one 01' more metazoan species. Nineteen species ofparas ites were co llected in C. hippos: 5 digeneans, 5 monogeneans, 2 cestodes, 5 nematodes, and 2 copepods. Seventeen spec ies ofparas ites were coll ected in C. la/us: 6 digeneans, 2 monogeneans, 3 cestodes, 4 nematodes, and 2 copepods. The endoparas ites (digeneans, cestodes, and nematodes) were the majority, 76.4% and 63.3%, of the total number of parasite spec imens co llected in C. lúppos and C. la/us, respectively . The monogeneans Allopyl'agl'aphol'Us hippos (Hargis, 1956) and Cemocolyle carangis (MacCallum, 1913) were the most dominant species with the highest parasitic prevalence in the parasite com munity of C. hippos and C. la/us, respectively. The metazoan parasites of the two host species showed the typ ic al overdi spersed pattern of distribution. Bucephalus val'icus Manter, 1940, A. hippos, Pl'%micl'oco/yle mirabilis (MacCallum, 19 18), ClIc ll11anus pulcher-I'imus Barreto, 19 18, and Lernon/hropus gigan/eus Knj>yer, 1863 had a posi tive correl atio n on ly between the host's totallength and abundance andJor prevalence in C. hippos. Bucephalus varicus, Terges/ia pec/ina/a (Li nton, 1905), C. carangis, and Pseudolerranova sp. had a pos iti ve correlation between the host' s total length and abundance and/or prevalence in C. la/uso In C. hippos, the copepod Coligus I'obus/us Bassett-Smith , 1898 had the highest values ofprevalence and abundance in the fema le hosts. No parasi te species showed influence ofthe host 's sex on their prevalence and abundance in C. la/uso The mean diversity and the paras ite species richness of the parasite infracommunities of C. hippos and C. latus were not significantly different. Only the parasite species diversity 01' C. hippos was correlated with the host's total length ; in both host species the parasite diversity did not showed ditTerences in relation to the sex of the host. Only one pair of ectoparas ite species, A. hippos -P. mirabilis, showed signiticant positive co-occurrence and covariation in the parasite infracommuniti es of C. hippos. Two endoparasite species, B. varieus -Parahemiul'us merus (L inton, 1910), showed negative co-occurrence and pos itive covariation; and the pair B. varieus -Pseudoterranova sp. had positive co-occurrence and covariation in the 1) Trabalho desenvolvido com auxílios do CNPq, CAPES e FAPERJ.
Using information from all published reports and data collected during several parasitological surveys between April 2003 and September 2009, a checklist of the parasites of fishes from Guandu River, southeastern of Brazil was generated. A total of 85 parasite species, 54 named species (1 Acanthocephala, 1 Cestoda, 2 Crustacea, 13 Digenea, 11 Nematoda, 23 Monogenea and 3 Myxozoa) and 31 undetermined species (3 Acanthocephala, 2 Cestoda, 1 Crustacea, 8 Digenea, 8 Nematoda, 4 Hirudinea, 3 Monogenea and 2 Myxozoa) in 21 fish host species from Guandu River, were listed in the current study, including 36 new locality records and 36 new host records. Also, a host-parasite list is included herein.
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