A traditional way for describing objects, based on the well-known Euclidean geometry, is not capable to describe different natural objects and phenomena such as clouds, relief shapes, trends in economy, etc. On the contrary fractal geometry and its extension multifractals are new "tools" which can be used for describing, modeling, analyzing and processing different complex shapes and signals. This paper considers fractal geometry and multifractals and their application in signal analyzing and processing particularly in medical signal analysis
The paper considers the method, based on multifractal (MF) analysis, for classifying the shape of tissue cells from microscopis images, identifying the primary cancer in cases of metastasis bone disease. Diagnosis of primary cancer is of great importance, because further treatment depends on how successful and accurate that diagnosis is. This method can be applied as an additional and objective tool in primary cancer diagnosis, as well as in decreasing of the subjective factor and error probability. The method is tested over a large number (1050) of clinical cases from the Institute of Pathology, University of Belgrade. The results of computer-aided analysis of images have been presented and discussed.
Phonocardiography has shown a great potential for developing low-cost computer-aided diagnosis systems for cardiovascular monitoring. So far, most of the work reported regarding cardiosignal analysis using multifractals is oriented towards heartbeat dynamics. This paper represents a step towards automatic detection of one of the most common pathological syndromes, so-called mitral valve prolapse (MVP), using phonocardiograms and multifractal analysis. Subtle features characteristic for MVP in phonocardiograms may be difficult to detect. The approach for revealing such features should be locally based rather than globally based. Nevertheless, if their appearances are specific and frequent, they can affect a multifractal spectrum. This has been the case in our experiment with the click syndrome. Totally, 117 pediatric phonocardiographic recordings (PCGs), 8 seconds long each, obtained from 117 patients were used for PMV automatic detection. We propose a two-step algorithm to distinguish PCGs that belong to children with healthy hearts and children with prolapsed mitral valves (PMVs). Obtained results show high accuracy of the method. We achieved 96.91% accuracy on the dataset (97 recordings). Additionally, 90% accuracy is achieved for the evaluation dataset (20 recordings). Content of the datasets is confirmed by the echocardiographic screening.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.