In this worst-case model of an osteopenic, unstable, IT fracture, the IDS construct, likely owing to its larger surface area, noncylindrical profile, and fracture compression, provided significantly greater stability and resistance to femoral head rotation and varus collapse.
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), trigger finger (TF), and De Quervain tenosynovitis (DQ) are 3 common pathologies of the hand often treated with relatively simple surgical procedures. However, outcomes from these procedures can be compromised by postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between diabetes, tobacco use, and obesity and the incidence of postoperative complications. Methods: We reviewed 597 patients treated surgically for CTS, TF, or DQ from 2010 to 2015. We used bivariate and multivariate analyses to assess independent associations between diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, and surgical complications and compared the incidences with healthier patients without these comorbidities. We also looked at patients with overlapping diagnoses of these comorbidities. Results: Bivariate analysis showed that patients with diabetes and smokers were more likely to have a surgical complication. Multivariate analysis showed diabetes and tobacco use as independent predictors of complications. The disease states or combinations placing patients at the highest risk of a postoperative complication were the diabetic-smoker-obese, diabetic-smoker, diabetic-obese, diabetic, and smoker-obese groups. The diabetic-smoker-obese patient population had a 42.02% predicted rate of postoperative complications. Conclusions: Diabetes and tobacco use are independent risk factors for complications after operative treatment of CTS, TF, and DQ. Obesity when coexisting with diabetes mellitus (DM) and/or tobacco use increased the risk of complications. When the 3 patient factors evaluated, DM, obesity, and tobacco use, were present, the rate of complications was 42.02%. Careful assessment and discussion should occur before proceeding with operative treatment for simple hand conditions in patients with the risk factors studied.
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