Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been known to play an important role in various mental disorders or diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of our study was to assess whether BDNF promoter methylation in peripheral blood was able to predict the risk of AD. A total of 44 AD patients and 62 age- and gender-matched controls were recruited in the current case-control study. Using the bisulphite pyrosequencing technology, we evaluated four CpG sites in the promoter of the BDNF. Our results showed that BDNF methylation was significantly higher in AD cases than in the controls (CpG1: p = 10.021; CpG2: p = 0.002; CpG3: p = 0.007; CpG4: p = 0.005; average methylation: p = 0.004). In addition, BDNF promoter methylation was shown to be significantly correlated with the levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), glucose, Lp(a), ApoE and ApoA in males (ALP: r = −0.308, p = 0.042; glucose: r = −0.383, p = 0.010; Lp(a): r = 0.333, p = 0.027; ApoE: r = −0.345, p = 0.032;), ApoA levels in females (r = 0.362, p = 0.033), and C Reactive Protein (CRP) levels in both genders (males: r = −0.373, p = 0.016; females: r = −0.399, p = 0.021). Our work suggested that peripheral BDNF promoter methylation might be a diagnostic marker of AD risk, although its underlying function remains to be elaborated in the future.
Abstract. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder that can destroy the memory of sufferers and lead to distress for the individual and society. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE) are two genes associated with β-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles that are two key factors in the pathophysiology of AD. The aim of the current meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between BDNF Val66Met (rs6265), BDNF C270T (rs2030324) and BCHE-K (rs1803274) polymorphisms and AD. A comprehensive meta-analysis was performed using the online database PubMed without a time limitation. A total of 56 articles evaluating 12,563 cases and 12,622 controls were selected for the current meta-analysis. The results showed a moderate association of the BDNF C270T polymorphism with the risk of AD in Asians under a dominant model (P=0.03; odds ratio, 1.88; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-3.27). No other significant association was found during the meta-analysis for the other two polymorphisms (P>0.05). The current meta-analysis suggests that BDNF C270T is a risk factor for AD in Asians. This meta-analysis has been, to the best of our knowledge, the most comprehensive meta-analysis of BDNF Val66Met, BDNF C270T and BCHE-K to date.
In conclusion, we observed that XRCC1-Arg399Gln and XRCC3-Thr241Met polymorphism is associated with susceptibility to HCC and XRCC1 Gin allele and XRCC3 Met allele genotype showed significant poor prognosis of HCC.
Aberrant DNA methylation has been observed in the patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a common neurodegenerative disorder in the elderly. OPRD1 encodes the delta opioid receptor, a member of the opioid family of G-protein-coupled receptors. In the current study, we compare the DNA methylation levels of OPRD1 promoter CpG sites (CpG1, CpG2, and CpG3) between 51 AD cases and 63 controls using the bisulfite pyrosequencing technology. Our results show that significantly higher CpG3 methylation is found in AD cases than controls. Significant associations are found between several biochemical parameters (including HDL-C and ALP) and CpG3 methylation. Subsequent luciferase reporter gene assay shows that DNA fragment containing the three OPRD1 promoter CpGs is able to regulate gene expression. In summary, our results suggest that OPRD1 promoter hypermethylation is associated with the risk of AD.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.