There are significantly improved outcomes when women are exposed to seminal plasma around the time of ovum pick-up or embryo transfer, with statistical significance for clinical pregnancy but not for ongoing pregnancy/live birth rates being achieved. This meta-analysis is limited by the small number of studies of variable methodology. Further research is required to determine the effect on live birth rate; however, this meta-analysis indicates a significantly improved clinical pregnancy rate and a potential method for improving IVF outcomes.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of infertility due to anovulation. Despite its prevalence, the precise cause of the anovulation is yet to be clearly defined. There is an increased number of pre-antral and antral follicles in the polycystic ovary, many of which individually produce increased amounts of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) compared with those in the normal ovary. In this article, it is hypothesized that the high AMH concentrations present in women with PCOS play an integral role in causing anovulation due to its inhibitory influence on the actions of follicle-stimulating hormone, which normally promotes follicular development from the small antral to the ovulatory stage.
She is currently an obstetrician-gynaecologist in Montpellier and has specialized in reproductive medicine since 2015. She carried out 12-months of clinical research in reproductive medicine at the Royal Hospital for Women in Sydney in 2018 and worked on premature ovarian insufficiency and polycystic ovary syndrome.
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